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    Cradley Links

    Jill Guest's study of the history of Cradley's public houses and their licensees draws on contemporary trades directories, census returns and the 1843 Tithe Map, providing valuable insights into Cradley public house landlords, their other occupations, pub names and other aspects.


    Beer lovers in England owe a debt of gratitude to the Anglo-Saxons who popularised the drinking of ale, a beverage derived from malted grain that had evolved from the honey-based mead of ancient times. The drinking of copious quantities of ale became central to life, second only to the eating of bread, and has even been blamed for the English defeat at the Battle of Hastings, because they were in no fit state to fight.


    In the fourteenth century the brewing of ale was so important that anyone who brewed less than they used to, or who decided to cease brewing, was liable to punishment. However, there was such a rapid rise in the number of alehouses, taverns and inns that King Edward III worried that his subjects were being distracted from spending their Sundays in archery practice, as they were duty bound to do in the medieval system.


    In the early sixteenth century an influx of Flemish immigrants brought with them the craft of using hops to flavour beer, and the old sweet ales gradually gave way to the new method of brewing. The consumption of beer at home and in beer houses continued to grow, and licensing became a major source of revenue for the government. Most pubs were essentially private houses where the householder paid a fee to be able to sell beer.


    In 1830 the Duke of Wellington's Beer Act abolished all duty on beer and established the right of any householder to sell beer upon purchase of a two guinea licence from the Excise, subject to a £20 penalty for selling wine and spirits. There was a widespread belief that spirits were a social evil but beer was a wholesome and nutritional beverage, and the real target here was the rise of gin drinking. From this date householders assessed to the poor rate were allowed to sell (only) beer and this was the effective beginning of the modern public house. The new Act led to the legalisation of illicit alehouses, the number of beer shops soared astronomically, and beer prices fell sharply.


    In his study of the social habits of the Black Country, and of the Lye and Wollescote in particular, Wesley Perrins starts with the enjoyment of beer. Colliers, anvil-makers, puddlers, chain-smiths, ironworkers and galvanisers developed a thirst in their work, and in Lye in 1866 there were 53 pubs serving less than 7000 people.


    Not to be outdone, Cliff Willetts cites 28 premises in Cradley in 1851 associated with the beer trade. The population of Cradley at this time was 3833, so the proportions of public houses to people were not very different in the two townships. Cliff notes that there was a public house to every 121 of the population of Cradley, but that only seven of the 28 pubs in 1851 were still in business 120 years later.


    This aspect of the history of Cradley was researched and compiled by Cliff during the 1960s and early '70s, and published after his death ("Cradley, A History" by Barry G. Willetts and Hazel M. Clifton, 1997). He describes how the 1851 census reveals not only pubs and their landlords, but also the various other trades and occupations of the landlords. Thus, Thomas Cemm was a white smith (tin smith) besides looking after the Bridge Inn in New Road, and Fanny Mole was both victualler of the Colley Gate Inn and a blacksmith employing two men. Thomas Fellows was a victualler at the Old Mogul in Netherend and also a chain maker, and Jabez Adams was a rivet maker as well as publican of the Bull's Head in Overend.


    Jill starts her study with some definitions and observations. A victualler is a person who furnishes victuals, a seller of food and drink. A licensed victualler is an innkeeper licensed to sell alcoholic liquor. A malster, or maltster, is a person who prepared malt for the brewing process. Porter, as in porter dealer, is a dark beer brewed from charred or browned malt.


    This is by no means a complete list of all the public houses in Cradley from 1841 to 1940, there were certainly more. These are the ones listed in the various directories, but not all are listed in all the directories. Some of the names change, for example, the Sun becomes the Rising Sun and then the Sun again. Some of the addresses change, for example, the White Lion changes from 74 Colley Gate to 74 Windmill Hill comparatively recently, between 1935 and 1940. So does the Round of Beef, which goes from Windmill Hill in 1873 to 33 Colley Gate in 1912, then back to 33 Windmill Hill in 1940. The Old Two Gates started out in Two Gates in 1841, in 1855 it is listed as Parkside, then it moves back to Two Gates, in 1912, the address is given as 56 Windmill Hill, then in 1940 it is given as 50 Two Gates Lane.



    None of the pubs from 1841 are left now, including the Sun Inn. Even some of the later ones have had the names changed for no apparent reason, for example, the Talbot to the Chainmaker.


    What is apparent from the names is the fact that licenses were kept in the family and passed from father to son and sometimes to the wife if the husband died, for example, the British Arms stayed in the Tate family from 1841 till at least 1880. Similarly, the Colley Gate was kept by the Mole Family from 1841 till 1873 with Frances Mole listed in the 1851 census as a widow, a blacksmith employing two men and a victualler before passing the pub on to her sons presumably. Jabez Adams had the Bulls Head in Overend built and held the licence from at least 1850 until at least 1880 with Mrs Sarah Adams listed by 1896. Thomas Fellows of the Mogul or Old Mogul is listed as a victualler in 1820 and still listed in 1896, so either he was very young when he started or had a son of the same name to carry on.



    The Round of Beef is the only one listed in 1896 that still has its original name today. However, at the present time (April 2002) it is up for sale, which could result in an inappropriate name change.


    The Talbot, corner of Park Road and Colley Lane (21/02/1962)

    Bentley's Directory 1841


    Blue Ball John Beasley, victualler and sword blade forger

    British Arms Overend Abel Tate, victualler

    Colley Gate Daniel Mole, victualler and blacksmith

    Fish High Street Elizabeth Harrison, victualler

    Holly Bush High Street Daniel Wright, victualler and porter dealer

    May Pole Old Forge Samuel Leonard, victualler

    Mogul Netherend Thomas Fellows, chain manufacturer and victualler (listed in 1820)

    Old Two Gates Two Gates Richard Bache, victualler (listed in 1820)

    Robin Hood Joseph Bloomer, victualler

    Sun Overend Benjamin Beasley, victualler and gun barrel maker

    Windmill Colley gate Henry Adams, victualler


    Tithes in the Township of Cradley, 29th December 1843

    The Round of Beef public house on Windmill Hill at corner of Two Gates Lane. About 1900-1910.

    Only two public houses were named on the Cradley Tithe Map, as follows:


    Blue Ball Public House and Garden John Beasley

    Maypole Inn and Garden Samuel Leonard


    Both these properties were rented from the Trustees of George Biggs, deceased.



    1851 Census Returns


    Not all public houses were named on the census. Names in brackets have been assumed where the licensee's name is the same as the previous entry or a later one.


    Name of premises Address Name Census details

    Malt Shovel (?) Stourbridge Road Jos'h Tibbetts Malster, Head, married

    Two Gates Inn Two Gates Leah Edmonds Licensed victualler, Head, widow, 70

    ? Two Gates Sarah Parish Licensed brewer, Head, widow, 70

    Henry Parish Brewer, Son, unmarried, 36

    Vine Inn, Two Gates, dated 18 May, 1961

    Old Mogul Netherend Thomas Fellows Victualler and chain maker, Head, married, 51

    Netherend Tavern Netherend Eliza Williams Licensed brewer / victualler, Head, widow, 36

    Maypole Cradley Forge Samuel Leonard Victualler, Head, married, 32

    Crown Top of New Road Grace Sims Licensed victualler, Head, widow, 63

    Elizabeth Simms Dressmaker, daughter, unmarried, 55

    Blue Ball Baptist Road John Beasley Licensed Victualler, Head, married, 55

    Colley Gate Inn Colley Gate Frances Mole Blacksmith employing 2 men & Victualler, Head, widow, 39

    Black Swan Inn East Side Village Mary Hingley Innkeeper, Head, unmarried, 34

    British Arms Top of Furlong Lane Abel Tate Millman and publican, Head, married, 55

    Bulls Head Overend Jabez Adams Rivet maker and publican, Head, married, 36

    Rising Sun Overend William H. Hawkswood Publican & ?, Head, married, 41

    Bridge Inn New Road Thomas Cemm Master whitesmith & victualler, Head, married, 48

    Robin Hood High Street Isaiah Bloomer Victualler, Head, married, 42




    The Crown, Lyde Green, undated but probably about 1965. It looks as if the pub was already unlicensed by this time.

    Billing's Directory 1855


    Black Swan Thomas Howell, auctioneer, appraiser, victualler, printer, stationer, Agent for Birmingham Fire Office

    Blue Ball John Beasley, victualler

    Bridge Inn Bridge Street Thomas Cemm, vice maker, jobbing smith & Victualler

    British Arms Overend A Tate, victualler

    Bulls Head Overend Jabez Adams, victualler

    Crown William Parkes, beer retailer

    Crown Elizabeth Simms, victualler

    Fish High Street Thomas Fox, victualler

    Holly Bush Isaiah Hughes, victualler

    Horse & Jockey Netherend Josiah Williams, beer retailer

    Malt Shovel Josiah Tibbetts, victualler, maltser & shopkeeper

    May Pole Samuel Leonard, victualler

    Netherend tavern Netherend Eliza Williams, victualler

    Old Mogul Netherend Thomas Fellows, victualler

    Old Two Gates Parkside John Tibbets, victualler

    Old White Lion William Owen, beer retailer & shopkeeper

    Rising Sun Overend William Hawkswood, victualler

    Robin Hood Joseph Bloomer, victualler & shopkeeper

    Two Gates Henry Parrish, victualler

    Yew Tree Joseph Hawkswood, beer retailer & shopkeeper


    British Arms, Furlong Lane, dated 30 Jul 1965

    Littlebury's Directory 1873


    Black Swan High Street Samuel Jones

    Blue Ball Blue Ball Lane William Adams

    Bridge Bridge Street William Tate

    British Arms Overend Saml tate

    Bulls Head Overend Jabez Adams

    Colley Gate Colley Gate Mole Brothers

    Crown Lyde Green Mrs Cooke

    Fish High Street James Attwood

    Holly Bush High Street Isaiah Hughes

    Horse & Jockey Netherend William Stevens

    Lodge Forge Henry Hipkiss

    Malt Shovel Mrs E Tibbetts

    Maypole Cradley Forge Samuel Leonard

    Old Mogul Netherend Thomas Fellows

    Old Two Gates Two Gates Simeon Finch

    Rose & Crown High Street William Deeley

    Round of Beef Windmill Hill T Cox

    Sun Overend Benjamin Burley Hawkswood

    White Lion Colley Gate Reuben Harper

    Windmill Richard Stevens


    Park Lane Tavern public house, Park Lane

    W. E. Owen & Co's Directory 1880


    Black Swan Inn High Street David Brooks

    Bridge Inn Bridge Street George Bayliss

    British Arms Furlong Lane Samuel Tate

    Bulls Head Overend Jabez Adams

    Holly Bush High Street Isaiah Hughes

    May Pole Maypole Hill Samuel Leonard

    Old Two Gates Two Gates Simeon Finch

    Shovel Inn Elizabeth Tibbetts

    Sun Overend Benjamin Hawkswood

    Talbot Commercial Hotel Colley Gate William Oliver

    White Lion Inn Colley Gate Emmanuel Roper




    The Dewfall Arms public House

    Kelly's Directory 1896


    Black Swan High Street Mrs Maria Louisa Hickton

    Blue Ball Ball Lane Mrs Phoebe Tandy

    Bridge Bridge Street Harry Watts

    British Arms Furlong Lane Thomas Rowley

    Bulls Head Overend Mrs Sarah Adams, and shopkeeper

    Crown Lyde Green William Griffiths

    Fish High Street Joseph Brettell

    Holly Bush High Street Thomas Proffitt

    Horse & Jockey Netherend William Stevens

    Horseshoe Colley Gate Albert Mole, and Blacksmith

    Lodge Forge New Street Mrs Ann Rebecca Hipkiss

    Old Mogul Netherend Thomas Fellows

    Old Two Gates Two Gates William Walters

    Old Vine Park Rd , Colley Gate Edward Guest

    Rose & Crown High Street Frederick Edward Cutler

    Round of Beef Windmill Hill Thomas Cox

    Sun Overend Mrs Ann Maria Hotchkiss, and shopkeeper

    Talbot Inn Colley Gate Frank Oliver, Brewer, Maltster and farmer

    White Lion Inn Colley Gate Albert George Roper


    The Vine Inn, Lyde Green

    Kelly's Directory 1912 - Public Houses


    Black Swan P.H. 80 High Street Joseph Herbert Harrison

    Blue Ball P.H. Church Lane John Woodall

    Bridge Inn 8 Bridge Street James Jasper

    British Arms P.H. 20 Furlong Lane Frank Griffiths

    Bulls Head P.H. Overend Joseph Lowe

    Crown P.H. 88 Lyde Green (Mrs) Adelaide Twigg

    Fish Inn 46 High Street Lawson Auden

    Gate P.H. Colley Gate Benjamin Tromans

    Holly Bush P.H. 50 High Street Joseph Francis Ellis

    Horse & Jockey P.H. 19 Netherend Jabez Henry Herrin

    Maypole P.H. 5 Cradley Forge (Mrs) Mary Ann Twist

    Old Mogul P.H. Netherend George Albert Ingley

    Old Two Gates P.H. 56 Windmill Hill George Botfield

    Rose & Crown P.H. High Street Frederick Edward Cutler (and brewer, Lyde Green)

    Round of Beef P.H. 33 Colley Gate Harry Vernon Cox

    Sun P.H. 99 Overend George Robins

    Talbot Hotel Colley Gate Frank Oliver

    White Lion Inn 74 Colley Gate George Albert Roper



    The Waggon and Horses public House, Cradley Forge

    Kelly's Directory 1912 - Beer Retailers


    William Bangham 1 Stocking Street , Two Gates

    Daniel Batham 70 High Street

    Clement Bennett 88 Two Gates

    William Chilton 9 Furlong Lane

    William Henry Davies Victoria Street

    Joseph Jones 19 Overend

    (Mrs) Eliza Oliver Park Road

    Daniel Proffitt 2 High Town

    Llewellyn Robinson 52 High Street

    Simeon Robinson Park Lane

    John Saunders 49 Lyde Green

    William Henry Thomas 63 Two Gates


    The Rose and Crown, Colley Lane

    Birmingham & District Trades Directory 1934-35 (No licensees' names given)


    Black Swan High Street

    Blue Ball Blue Ball Lane

    Bridge Bridge Street

    British Arms 20 Furlong lane

    Crown Inn Lyde Green

    Fish Hotel High Street

    Holly Bush High Street

    Horse & Jockey 19 Netherend

    Jolly Collier Cradley Road

    May Pole Cradley Forge

    Old Crown High Town

    Old Two Gates 50 Windmill Hill

    Robin Hood High Street

    Rose & Crown High Street

    Sun 99 Overend

    Vine Inn Lyde Green

    White Horse High Street

    White Lion 74 Colley Gate


    The Black Horse, Banner's Lane

    Kelly's Directory 1940


    Black Horse Public House Banners Lane William Palmer

    Blue Ball Public House Blue Ball Lane Gilbert Willetts

    Bridge Inn 8 Bridge Street Harold Willetts

    British Arms Public House 20 Furlong Lane Mrs Ellen Griffiths

    Bulls Head Public House Overend Road Mrs Zerniah Robins

    Crown Inn Barrack lane Mrs Daisy Smith

    Crown Public House 38 Lyde Green Joseph R Priest

    Duke William Inn 9 Furlong Lane Ben Tromans

    Gate Public House 110 Colley Gate William Richard Buffery

    Holly Bush Public House 50 High Street William Henry Hickman

    Horse & Jockey Public House 19 Mogul Lane Reginald Johnson

    Maypole Inn 5 Maypole Hill Henry J Parks

    Old Crown Inn 2 Intended Street Joseph Jinks

    Old Two Gates Inn 50 Two Gates Lane Thomas Edge

    Park Lane Tavern Park Lane Harry Victor Cook

    Rose and Crown Public House High Street William Hall

    Round of Beef Public House 33 Windmill Hill Harry Vernon Cox

    Talbot Hotel Colley Lane Thomas Bills

    Vine Inn Lyde Green Benjamin Garrett

    Vine Inn 88 Two Gates William Thomas Woodall

    White Horse Inn 70 High Street Frederick Webster

    White Lion Inn 74 Windmill Hill George Stafford

    Why Not Inn Two Gates George James


    The Round of Beef public house, Windmill Hill

    Names


    The following table, extracted from the collection of directories on Cradley Links, includes both public houses and those entries where although the name of a public house is not shown, the person's occupation was associated with the brewing or selling of beer. The spelling as shown in the original directories has been retained.


    Adams Henry, victualler, Windmill, Colly Gate 1840 Bentley

    Adams Jabez, victualler, Bull's Head, Over End 1855 Billing

    Adams Jabez, British Arms, Overend 1860 Kelly

    Adams Jabez, publican, Overend 1860 Preston

    Adams Jabez, British Arms, Overend 1868 Kelly

    Adams Jabez, Bull's Head Inn, Overend 1873 Littlebury

    Adams Sarah (Mrs.), Bull's Head P.H. & shpkpr., Overend 1896 Kelly

    Adams William, Blue Ball Inn, Overend 1873 Littlebury

    Arnett Mrs. Eliza, beer retailer, Overend 1873 Littlebury

    Arnett Sarah (Mrs), beer retailer 1872 Post Office

    Arnett Sarah (Mrs), beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Attwood Benj, mnftr of hames, chains, and traces, and beer

    retailer, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Attwood Benjamin, beer retailer 1868 Kelly

    Attwood Eliza (Mrs.), hame maker & beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Attwood Eliza (Mrs.), hame maker & beer retailer 1880 Kelly

    Attwood Eliza, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Attwood Eliza (Mrs.), hame ma. & beer retlr., Lyde green 1896 Kelly

    Attwood James, Fish Inn 1872 Post Office

    Attwood James, Fish Inn 1873 Littlebury

    Attwood James, Fish Inn 1876 Kelly

    Attwood Richard, beer retailer 1868 Kelly

    Attwood Wm, beer retlr & shpkpr, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Attwood William, beer retailer 1868 Kelly

    Auden Arthur, beer retailer, Two gates 1896 Kelly

    Auden Lawson, Fish inn, 46 High street 1912 Kelly

    Bangham Wm. Hy. beer retlr. 1 Stocking st. Two Gates 1912 Kelly

    Bangham Wm. Hy. Beer retlr. 1 Stocking st, Two Gates 1916 Kelly

    Bate Thomas, chain maker, Blue Ball lane 1916 Kelly

    Batham Daniel, beer retailer 1880 Kelly

    Batham Daniel, beer retailer, High street 1896 Kelly

    Batham Daniel, beer retailer, 70 High street 1912 Kelly

    Batham Daniel, beer retailer, 70 High street 1916 Kelly

    Bayliss George, Bridge inn 1876 Kelly

    Bayliss George, Bridge inn 1880 Kelly

    Bayliss George, Bridge Inn 1880 Owens

    Beasley Allen, beer retailer, Furlong lane 1873 Littlebury

    Beasley Allen, Old Vine, Park road 1880 Kelly

    Beasley Benjamin, victualler, Sun ; and gun-barrel maker, Overend 1840 Bentley

    Beasley John, sword-blade forger and victualler, Blue Ball 1840 Bentley

    Beasley John, victualler, Blue Ball 1855 Billing

    Beasley John, Blue Ball inn 1860 Preston

    Beasley Joseph, Blue Ball 1860 Kelly

    The Chop House public house (formerly the White Lion), Windmill Hill

    Beasley Josiah, beer retailer and sword and bayonet forger, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Beasley John, beer retailer, Overend 1896 Kelly

    Beasley Samuel, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Bellingham Geo. beer retlr, Two gates 1872 Post Office

    Bennet Saml. beer retailer, Two gates 1876 Kelly

    Bennet Saml. beer retailer, Two gates 1880 Kelly

    Bennett Clement, beer retailer, Two gates 1896 Kelly

    Bennett Clement, beer retailer, 88 Two gates 1912 Kelly

    Bennett Clement, beer retailer, 88 Two gates 1916 Kelly

    Bennett Samuel, beer retailer 1855 Billing

    Bennett Saml, beer retailer, Two gates, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Bennett Saml. beer retailer, Two gates 1872 Post Office

    Bennett Sml.,beer rtlr. & farmer,Two gates 1873 Littlebury

    Bennett Wm, Rose and Crown, and greengrocer, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Bennett Wm., greengrocer and beer rtlr 1873 Littlebury

    Billingham George, charcoal dlr., beer retlr., & shopkpr., Two gates 1873 Littlebury

    Billingham Joseph Henry, beer retailer, Victoria street 1916 Kelly

    Black Horse P.H. (Wm. Palmer), Banners la 1940 Kelly

    Bloomer Joseph, victualler, Robin-Hood 1840 Bentley

    Bloomer Joseph, victualler, pawnbroker, and shopkeeper, Robin Hood 1855 Billing

    Bloomer Josiah, Robin Hood 1860 Kelly

    Bloomer Josiah, Robin Hood 1860 Preston

    Bloomer Josiah, Robin Hood 1868 Kelly

    Blue Ball P.H. (Gilbt. Willetts), Blue Ball la 1940 Kelly

    Botfield George, Old Two Gates P.H. 56 Windmill hill 1912 Kelly

    Boxley Benj, beer retailr, High st, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Brettell Joseph, Fish P.H. High street 1896 Kelly

    Bridge Inn (Harold Willetts) 8 Bridge st 1940 Kelly

    British Arms P.H. (Mrs. Ellen Griffiths), 20 Furlong la 1940 Kelly

    Brooks David, Black Swan 1876 Kelly

    Brooks David, Black Swan 1880 Kelly

    Brooks David, Black Swan Inn 1880 Owens

    Bull's Head P.H. (Mrs. Zerniah Robins), Overend rd 1940 Kelly

    Bunn Wm, beer retailer and shopkeeper, New st, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Bunn William, beer retailer 1868 Kelly

    Bunn William, beer retailer 1872 Post Office

    Bunn William, beer retlr. and shop-keeper 1873 Littlebury

    Bunn William, beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Buttery Emily May (Mrs.), Crown P.H. 88 Lyde Green 1916 Kelly

    Camm Thomas, beerseller, &c. 1840 Bentley

    Carr Hy, beer retlr and filecuttr, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Cashmore Charles, Holly Bush P.H. 50 High street 1916 Kelly

    Cemm Thomas, vice maker, jobbing smith, and victualler, Bridge Inn 1855 Billing

    Cemm Thomas, Bridge inn, & vice manufacturer 1860 Kelly

    Challiner Geo. Read, White Swan, and plumber and painter 1865 Jones

    Chilton William, beer retailer, 9 Furlong lane 1912 Kelly

    Chilton William, beer retailer, 9 Furlong lane 1916 Kelly

    Clemm Thomas, Bridge inn 1860 Preston

    Colden Susanna, beerseller, Park-row 1840 Bentley

    Cook Elizabeth (Mrs.), Crown 1872 Post Office

    Cook Hannah (Mrs.), Crown 1876 Kelly

    Cook Samuel, Crown 1868 Kelly

    Cooke Mrs., Crown. Inn, Lyde green 1873 Littlebury

    Cooper William, beer retailer, Colley gate 1860 Kelly

    Cox Harry Vernon, Round of Beef P.H. 33 Colley gate 1912 Kelly

    The Chainmaker (formerly the Talbot) public house, Park Road

    Cox Harry Vernon, Round of Beef P.H. 33 Colley gate 1916 Kelly

    Cox Joseph, Blue Ball 1880 Kelly

    Cox Thos, beer retir, Colly gte, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Cox Thos. beer retailer, Windmill hill 1872 Post Office

    Cox Thos., Round of Beef, Windmill hill 1873 Littlebury

    Cox Thos. beer retailer, Windmill hill 1876 Kelly

    Cox Thomas, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Cox Thos. beer retailer, Windmill hill 1880 Kelly

    Cox Thomas, Round of Beef P.H. Windmill hill 1896 Kelly

    Cox William, nail-factor and beerseller 1840 Bentley

    Crown Inn (Mrs. Daisy Smith) Barrack la 1940 Kelly

    Crown P.H. (Jsph. R. Priest), 88 Lyde grn 1940 Kelly

    Cutler Frederick Edward, Rose & Crown P.H. High street 1896 Kelly

    Cutler Frederic Edward, Rose & Crown P.H. High street & brewer, Lyde Green 1912 Kelly

    Davies William Henry, beer retailer, Victoria street 1912 Kelly

    Deeley Lousia (Mrs.), Rose &Crown 1880 Kelly

    Deeley William, Rose &Crown 1872 Post Office

    Deeley William, Rose and Crown Inn 1873 Littlebury

    Deeley William, Rose &Crown 1876 Kelly

    Duke William Inn (Ben Tromans), 9 Furlong la 1940 Kelly

    Dunn William, Blue Ball 1876 Kelly

    Edwards Henry, maltster, Park-Row 1840 Bentley

    Ellis Francis Joseph, Holly Bush P.H. 50 High street 1912 Kelly

    Fellow Thomas, Old Mogul, Netherend 1860 Kelly

    Fellowes Thomas, victualler, Old Mogul, Nether End 1855 Billing

    Fellows Joseph, maltster 1860 Kelly

    Fellows Susannah, maltster, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Fellows Thomas, chain manufacterer and victualler, Mogul, Netherend 1840 Bentley

    Fellows Thomas, Old Mogul, Netherend 1860 Preston

    Fellows Thos, beer retailer, Netherend, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Fellows Thomas, Old Mogul, Nethernd 1868 Kelly

    Fellows Thomas, Old Mogul, Netherend 1872 Post Office

    Fellows Thos., Old Mogul Inn, Netherend 1873 Littlebury

    Fellows Thos. beer retailer, Netherend 1876 Kelly

    Fellows Thomas, beer retailer, Netherend 1880 Owens

    Fellows Thos. beer retailer, Netherend 1880 Kelly

    Fellows Thomas, Old Mogul P.H. Netherend 1896 Kelly

    Folkes Wm. beer retailer, Windmill hill 1872 Post Office

    Folkes William, beer retlr, Windmill hill 1873 Littlebury

    Forrest Noah, beerseller, Light green 1840 Bentley

    Forrest Richd. beer retailer, Windmill hl 1876 Kelly

    Forrest Richard, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Forrest Richd. beer retailer, Windmill hl 1880 Kelly

    Fox Charles John, maltster, Overend 1896 Kelly

    Fox Thomas, victualler, Fish 1855 Billing

    Fox Thomas, Fish, & maltster 1860 Kelly

    Fox Thomas, Fish, and maltster, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Fox Thomas, maltster 1868 Kelly

    Fox Thomas, maltster, Overend 1872 Post Office

    Fox Thomas, maltster, Overend 1873 Littlebury

    Fox Thomas, maltster, Overend 1876 Kelly

    Fox Thomas, maltster, Overend 1880 Kelly

    Foxall Thomas, maltster, Netherton 1865 Jones

    Gate P.H. (Wm. Rd. Buttery), 110 Colley gate 1940 Kelly

    Gill Samuel, beer retailer, Two gates 1896 Kelly

    Griffiths Frank, British Arms P.H. 20 Furlong lane 1912 Kelly

    Griffiths Frank, British Arms P.H. 20 Furlong Lane 1916 Kelly

    Griffiths William, Crown P.H. Lyde green 1896 Kelly

    Grove John H., beer retailer and shopkeeper, Colley Gate 1855 Billing

    Guest Edward, Old Vine P. H. Park road, Colley gate 1896 Kelly

    Haddock John, painter and beerseller, Netherend 1840 Bentley

    Hadley William, beerseller, Park-row 1840 Bentley

    Harper Dvd, beer rtlr, Netherend, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Harper Joseph, beerseller, Colly Gate 1840 Bentley

    Harper Mary Ann (Mrs.), beer & wine retailer, Furlong la 1896 Kelly

    The Shelton public house, Belle Vale

    Harper Reuben, beer retailer, Colley gate 1868 Kelly

    Harper Reuben, beer retailer, Colley gate 1872 Post Office

    Harper Reuben, White Lion, Windmill hl 1873 Littlebury

    Harper Reuben, beer retailer, Colley gt 1880 Kelly

    Harper Richard, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Harper, Joseph, beer retailer, Colly lane 1860 Preston

    Harrison Benj. maltster 1820 Lewis'

    Harrison Elizabeth, victualler, Fish 1840 Bentley

    Harrison Herbert Joseph, Black Swan P.H. 80 High st 1912 Kelly

    Harrison Herbert Joseph, Black Swan P.H. 80 High st 1916 Kelly

    Harrison Joseph, chain maker, Bridge street 1912 Kelly

    Hathaway William, Fish 1868 Kelly

    Hawkeswood Benjn., Sun Inn, and grocer 1873 Littlebury

    Hawkeswood Benj. Sun, Colley Gate 1876 Kelly

    Hawkeswood Benjamin, Sun 1880 Owens

    Hawkeswood Benjamin, Sun, Overend 1880 Kelly

    Hawkeswood H., Sun inn, Overend 1860 Preston

    Hawkeswood Joseph, beer retailer and shopkeeper, Yew Tree 1855 Billing

    Hawkeswood Joseph, beer retailer 1860 Kelly

    Hawkeswood Joseph, beer retailer 1860 Preston

    Hawkeswood Richard. Sun, Colley gate 1872 Post Office

    Hawkeswood William, victualler, Rising Sun, Over End 1855 Billing

    Hawkeswood Wm, Sun, & grcr, Overend, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Hawkesworth William Herbert, Sun, & shopkeeper, Overend 1860 Kelly

    Hawkesworth Wm. Herbrt. Sun, Overnd 1868 Kelly

    Hawkswood Joseph, beerseller and farmer 1840 Bentley

    Hawkswood William Herbert, beerseller 1840 Bentley

    Herrin Henry Jabez, Horse & Jockey P.H. 19 Netherend 1912 Kelly

    Herring Henry Jabez, Horse & Jockey P.H. 19 Netherend 1916 Kelly

    Hickton Maria Louisa (Mrs.), Black Swan P.H. High st 1896 Kelly

    Hill Thomas., maltster & beer retailer, Park lane 1873 Littlebury

    Hill Thos. beer retlr. Park Lane farm 1876 Kelly

    Hingley Elizabeth, beer retailer, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Hingley James, butcher & beer retailer 1860 Kelly

    Hingley Jas, beer retailer and butcher, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Hingley James, butcher and beer retailer 1873 Littlebury

    Hingley James, beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Hingley James, beer retailer 1880 Kelly

    Hingley James, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Hipkiss Ann Rebecca (Mrs.), Lodge Forge P.H. New st 1896 Kelly

    Hipkiss Henry, Lodge Forge, and iron manufacturer, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Hipkiss Hen. iron manfr. Lodge forge 1872 Post Office

    Hipkiss Hy., manufctr. of all kinds of use iron and beer retailer, Lodge forge 1873 Littlebury

    Hipkiss Henry, iron manufr. Lodge forge 1880 Kelly

    Hipkiss Moses, beer retailer 1880 Kelly

    Hipkiss William Evan, Lodge Forge inn 1880 Kelly

    Holly Bush P.H. (Wm. Hy. Eickman), 50 High st 1940 Kelly

    Homer Noah Cox, beerseller, boot, &c., maker, Colly-gate 1840 Bentley

    Homer Thomas, beerseller 1840 Bentley

    Hopkiss Henry, iron manufacturer. Lodge forge 1868 Kelly

    Hopkiss Hy. iron manufr. Lodge forge 1876 Kelly

    Horse & Jockey P.H. (Regnld. Johnson), 19 Mogul la. Netherend 1940 Kelly

    Hotchkiss Ann Maria (Mrs.), shpkpr. & Sun P.H. Overend 1896 Kelly

    Hughes Isaiah, victualler, Holly Bush 1855 Billing

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush 1860 Kelly

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush 1868 Kelly

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush 1872 Post Office

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush Inn and maltster 1873 Littlebury

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush 1876 Kelly

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush 1880 Kelly

    Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush 1880 Owens

    Hughes Samuel, maltster 1872 Post Office

    Hughes Samuel, maltster 1880 Kelly

    Hughes Samuel, maltster 1880 Owens

    Hughes, Isaiah, Holly Bush 1860 Preston

    Ingley George Albert, Old Mogul P.H. Netherend 1912 Kelly

    Ingley George Albert, Old Mogul P.H. Netherend 1916 Kelly

    Jasper James, Bridge inn, 8 Bridge street 1912 Kelly

    Jasper James, Bridge inn, 8 Bridge street 1916 Kelly

    The Crown public house (The Widdows), Barracks Lane

    Johnson Levi, beerseller 1840 Bentley

    Jones Joseph, beer retailer, 19 Overend 1912 Kelly

    Jones Mary (Mrs.) maltstr, Netherend 1868 Kelly

    Jones Mrs. Susannah, maltster, Netherend 1873 Littlebury

    Jones Samuel, beer retailer 1872 Post Office

    Jones Susannah. (Mrs) maltstr. Nethernd 1872 Post Office

    Jones Samuel, Black Swan Inn 1873 Littlebury

    Jones Samuel, beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Jones Susannah. (Mrs) maltstr. Nethernd 1876 Kelly

    Jones Samuel, beer retailer 1880 Kelly

    Jones Samuel, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Jones William, maltster, Nether End 1855 Billing

    Jones William, Black Swan 1860 Kelly

    Jones William, maltster Netherend 1860 Kelly

    Jones William, maltster, Netherend 1860 Preston

    Jones Wm, Black Swan, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Kendrick William, beer retailer 1855 Billing

    Kendrick William, beer retailer 1860 Kelly

    Kendrick Wm, beer rtlr, Colly gte, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Laister Thomas, maltster 1855 Billing

    Laister Thomas, maltster, Colley gate 1860 Kelly

    Laister Thos, maltster, Colley gt, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Laister Thomas, maltster, Colley gate 1868 Kelly

    Laister Thomas, maltster, Colley gate 1872 Post Office

    Laister Thomas, maltster, Colley gate 1873 Littlebury

    Leonard Jas. Albt. Old Two Gates P.H. 50 Windmill hill 1916 Kelly

    Leonard Samuel, victualler, May Pole, Old Forge 1840 Bentley

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole 1860 Kelly

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole 1860 Preston

    Leonard Samuel, Maypole, Cradley forge 1865 Jones

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole 1868 Kelly

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole 1872 Post Office

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole, Cradley forge 1873 Littlebury

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole 1876 Kelly

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole 1880 Kelly

    Leonard Samuel, May Pole 1880 Owens

    Lester Thomas, maltster, Colly gate 1860 Preston

    Lowe Joseph, Bull's Head P.H. Overend 1912 Kelly

    Male David, beer retailer, 49 Lyde green 1916 Kelly

    Manning George, beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Mason Saml., maltster, Netherend 1840 Bentley

    Maypole Inn (Hy. J. Parkes), 5 Maypole hill 1940 Kelly

    Mole Albert, Horse Shoe P.H. & blacksmith, Colley gate 1896 Kelly

    Mole Daniel, victualler & blacksmith, Colly Gate 1840 Bentley

    Mole Fanny, blacksmith and victualler, Colley Gate 1855 Billing

    Mole Fanny (Miss), beer retailer, Colley gate 1872 Post Office

    Mole Jane (Miss), beer retlr. Colley gate 1876 Kelly

    Mole Jane (Miss), beer retlr. Colley gate 1880 Kelly

    Mole Jane, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Mole Lucy, beer retailer, Colly gte, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Mole Lucy (Miss), beer retailr. Colley gate 1868 Kelly

    Mole William, beer retailer, Colley gate 1860 Kelly

    Newth William, beer retailer, Colley gate 1860 Kelly

    Old Crown Inn (Jsph. Jinks), 2 Intended st 1940 Kelly

    Old Two Gates Inn (Thos. Edge), 50 Two Gates la 1940 Kelly

    Oliver Eliza (Mrs.), beer retailer, Park side 1896 Kelly

    Oliver Eliza (Mrs.), beer retailer, Park road 1912 Kelly

    Oliver Eliza (Mrs.), beer retailer, Park road 1916 Kelly

    Oliver Frank, Talbot htl., brewer, maltster & farmr. Colley gate 1896 Kelly

    The Why Not Inn, Why Not Street, Two Gates

    Oliver Frank, Talbot hotel, & farmer, Colley gate 1912 Kelly

    Oliver Frank, Talbot hotel, & farmer, Colley Gate 1916 Kelly

    Oliver Joseph, beer retailer, Park row 1873 Littlebury

    Oliver William, beer retailer, Colley gate 1860 Kelly

    Oliver William, beer retailer, Old Vine, Colly gate, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Oliver William, beer retailer, Colley gate 1868 Kelly

    Oliver William, maltster 1872 Post Office

    Oliver Wm., beer rtlr. and maltster, Park row 1873 Littlebury

    Oliver William, maltster & beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Oliver William & Sons, maltsters and hop merchants, Colley gate 1880 Owens

    Oliver William, jun. Park lane tavern, Netherend 1880 Kelly

    Oliver William, Talbot Commercial Hotel, and maltster 1880 Owens

    Oliver Wm, Talbot hotel, & maltster 1880 Kelly

    Oliver W. & Son (of Cradley) Ltd. Maltsters. Colley Gate 1916 Kelly

    Onslow Thomas, Bridge, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Owen William, beer retailer and shop-keeper, Old White Lion 1855 Billing

    Palmer William, beer retailer, 19 Overend 1916 Kelly

    Pargeter T. maltster 1820 Lewis'

    Parish Joseph, beerseller, Old Two Gates 1840 Bentley

    Park Lane Tavern (Harry Victor Cook), Park la 1940 Kelly

    Parkes William, beer retailer, Crown 1855 Billing

    Parrish Henry, victualler, Two Gates 1855 Billing

    Partridge George, hame, trace and chain manufctr. and beer

    rtlr., (Why not call and see), Two gates 1873 Littlebury

    Partridge William, Fish inn, 36 High street 1916 Kelly

    Pearshouse Joseph, beer retailer, Netherend 1896 Kelly

    Pearson James, beerseller, Old Two Gates 1840 Bentley

    Percival Joh, Bull's Head P.H. Overend 1916 Kelly

    Priest James, beerseller 1840 Bentley

    The Sun Inn, at Overend, near the junction with Butchers Lane and Furlong Lane (from Cradley Then & Now)

    Proffitt Daniel, beer retailer, High town 1896 Kelly

    Proffitt, Daniel, beer retailer, 2 High town 1912 Kelly

    Proffitt Daniel, beer retailer, 2 High town 1916 Kelly

    Proffitt Thomas, Holly Bush P.H. High street 1896 Kelly

    Robins George, Sun P.H. 99 Overend 1912 Kelly

    Robins George, Sun P.H. 99 Overend 1916 Kelly

    Robinson Llewellyn, beer retailer, 52 High street 1912 Kelly

    Robinson Llewellyn, beer retailer, 52 High street 1916 Kelly

    Robinson Simeon, beer retailer, Park lane 1912 Kelly

    Robinson Simeon, beer retailer, Park lane 1916 Kelly

    Roper Emanuel, White Lion inn, Colley gate 1876 Kelly

    Roper Emanuel, White Lion Inn 1880 Owens

    Roper Emanuel, White Lion inn, Colley gate 1880 Kelly

    Roper George Albert, White Lion inn, Colley gate 1896 Kelly

    Roper George Albert, White Lion inn, 74 Colley gate 1912 Kelly

    Roper George Albert, White Lion inn, 74 Colley gate 1916 Kelly

    Roper William, beerseller and farmer, Colly Gate 1840 Bentley

    Roper Wm. beer retailer, Colley gate 1860 Kelly

    Roper Wm, beer rtlr, Colly gate, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Rose & Crown P.H. (Wm. Hall), High st 1940 Kelly

    Round of Beef P.H. (Harry Vernon Cox), 33 Windmill hill 1940 Kelly

    Rowley Thomas, British Arms P.H. Furlong lane 1896 Kelly

    Saunders John, beer retailer, 49 Lyde green 1912 Kelly

    Shaw Henry, maltster, Netherend 1840 Bentley

    The "Bull's Head" in Overend, at the bottom of Banner's street and Banner's Lane. The driver of the car is Dave Batty from the nearby garage, now closed. --- our thanks to Glen Billingham for this photograph.

    Shaw Wm. beer retailer & shopkeeper, Netherend 1860 Kelly

    Simms Elizabeth, victualler, Crown 1855 Billing

    Simons Mary Frances (Mrs.), Bridge inn 1868 Kelly

    Smethem Henry, beer retlr. Colley gate 1868 Kelly

    Smith Harry, Rose & Crown P.H. High street 1916 Kelly

    Steadman Joseph, Black Swan 1868 Kelly

    Stevens Richd. beer retlr. Windmill hill 1872 Post Office

    Stevens Richard, Windmill Inn 1873 Littlebury

    Stevens William, Horse and Jockey, Netherend, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Stevens Wm. beer retailer, Netherend 1868 Kelly

    Stevens Wm. beer retailer, Netherend 1872 Post Office

    Stevens Wm., Horse and Jockey, Netherend 1873 Littlebury

    Stevens William, Horse & Jockey P.H. Netherend 1896 Kelly

    Stoneley Josh, beer retailer, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Stringer Wm. beer retailer, Netherend 1860 Kelly

    Talbot George, beer retailer 1868 Kelly

    Talbot Hotel (Thos. Bills), Colley gate 1940 Kelly

    Talbott George, beer rtlr, Cradley forge 1865 Jones

    Tandy John, Blue Ball P.H. Church lane 1916 Kelly

    Tandy Phoebe (Mrs.), Blue Ball P.H. Ball lane 1896 Kelly

    The "Round of Beef", Windmill Hill. Harry Vernon Cox, the licensee from 1896 to 1953 is thought to be the man by the door with a cricket cap on. --- our thanks to Jill Guest for this photograph.

    Tate Abel, victualler, British Arms, Overend 1840 Bentley

    Tate A., victualler, British Arms,Over End 1855 Billing

    Tate Abel, publican 1860 Preston

    Tate Abel, beer rtlr, Colly gate, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Tate Samuel, British Arms 1872 Post Office

    Tate Saml., British Arms Inn, Overend 1873 Littlebury

    Tate Samuel, British Arms 1876 Kelly

    Tate Samuel, British Arms 1880 Kelly

    Tate William, beer retailer, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Tate William, beer retailer 1868 Kelly

    Tate William, Bridge inn 1872 Post Office

    Tate Wm., Bridge Inn and beer retlr., (Crown), High town 1873 Littlebury

    Tate William, beer retailer 1876 Kelly

    Tate William, beer retailer 1880 Kelly

    Tate William, beer retailer 1880 Owens

    Taylor William, beer retailer 1880 Kelly

    The old "Old Crown" where the top of the High Street met High Town at the end of Intended Street. --- our thanks to Glen Billingham for this photograph.

    Thomas Henry, beer retailer, Netherend 1860 Kelly

    Thomas William Henry, beer retailer, 63 Two gates 1912 Kelly

    Tibbets Elizabeth, Shovel Inn 1880 Owens

    Tibbets Joseph, beerseller, Park row 1840 Bentley

    Tibbets John, victualler, Old Two Gates, Park Side 1855 Billing

    Tibbetts Elizabeth (Mrs.), Shovel inn, Park side 1872 Post Office

    Tibbetts Elizabeth (Mrs.), Shovel inn, Park side 1876 Kelly

    Tibbetts Elizabeth (Mrs.), Shovel inn, Park side 1880 Kelly

    Tibbetts Joseph, Shovel inn, & shopkeeper, Park side 1860 Kelly

    Tibbetts John, beer retailer, Two gates, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Tibbetts Joseph, Shovel inn, Park side 1868 Kelly

    Tibbetts Mrs. Elizabeth, Malt Shovel and shopkeeper, Park row 1873 Littlebury

    Tibbetts William, beer retailer, High street 1896 Kelly

    Tibbetts, Joseph, Malt Shovel, and grocr and maltster, Colly gate, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Tromans Benjamin, Gate P.H. Colley gate 1912 Kelly

    Tromans Benjamin, Gate P.H. Colley Gate 1916 Kelly

    Twigg Adelaide (Mrs.), Crown P.H. 88 Lyde green 1912 Kelly

    Twist Mary Ann (Mrs.), Maypole P.H. 5 Cradley forge 1912 Kelly

    Twist Mary Ann (Mrs.), Maypole P.H. 5 Cradley forge 1916 Kelly

    Vine Inn (Benj. Garratt), Lyde grn 1940 Kelly

    Vine Inn (Wm. Thos. Woodall), 88 Two gates 1940 Kelly

    Walker Hezekiah, beer retailer, Victoria street 1896 Kelly

    Walker Stephen, beerseller, Light Green 1840 Bentley

    Walters John, Vine 1865 Jones

    Walters William, Old Two Gates P.H 1896 Kelly

    Warr John, beer retailer 1860 Kelly

    Watts Harry, Bridge P.H. Bridge street 1896 Kelly

    Westwood Emma (Mrs.), beer retailer 1868 Kelly

    Westwood Joseph, victualler, malster, and shopkeeper, Malt Shovel 1855 Billing

    White Horse Inn (Fredk. Webster), 70 High st 1940 Kelly

    White Lion Inn (Geo. Stafford), 74 Windmill liill 1940 Kelly

    Why Not Inn (Geo. James), Two gates 1940 Kelly

    Willetts John, Crown 1880 Kelly

    Williams Eliza, victualler, Nether End Tavern, Nether End 1855 Billing

    Williams Eliza (Mrs.), Netherend tavern, Netherend 1860 Kelly

    Williams Eliza, beer retailer, Netherend 1860 Preston

    Williams Eliza, Netherend tavern, Netherend, Cradley 1865 Jones

    Williams Joseph, beer retailer, Horse and Jockey, Nether End 1855 Billing

    Woodall John W. Blue Ball P.H. Church lane 1912 Kelly

    Wright Daniel, victualler and porter dealer, Holly Bush 1840 Bentley

    Wyer Judith (Mrs.), beer retailer 1860 Kelly

    Wyer Samuel E, beer retailer 1855 Billing

    Yates Ann (Mrs.), beer retailer 1872 Post Office

    Yates Mrs. Ann, beer retlr., New street 1873 Littlebury


    The Talbot, corner of Park Road and Colley Lane, dated 21 Feb 1962

    Readers wishing to pursue their study of public houses might like to take a look at the following web sites:


    The Pubs, Inns and Taverns Index for England, 1801-1900 (www.pubsindex.freeserve.co.uk)

    The Pub and Beer Guide for the Midlands (www.midlandspubs.co.uk) and especially the Colley Gate section (www.midlandspubs.co.uk/westmidlands/colleygate.htm )

    Real Ale and a Bed (www.beerguide.co.uk) and especially the West Midlands page (www.beerguide.co.uk/counties/wmids.htm) which features the Why Not Inn in Two Gates, Cradley (www.beerguide.co.uk/towns/colley_gate.htm#whynot)

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