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    Cradley Links

    Pigot & Co's 1844 Directory Places

    "Halesowen, with the villages of Cradley, Netherend and neighbourhoods" from Pigot and Co.'s 1844 directory of Shropshire


    Cradley Links wishes to record our grateful thanks to Stephanie Robinson, who generously gave her time to produce this transcription.


    HALES OWEN WITH THE VILLAGES OF CRADLEY, NETHEREND AND NEIGHBOURHOODS.


    HALES OWEN is a market town, lying in an insulated parish of its name, separated from the country of Salop, and entirely surrounded by those of Stafford and Worcester - the parish extending into the hundred of Halfshire, in the latter county; 117 miles N. W. from London, 11 s. by E. from Wolverhampton, 5 s. from Dudley, and 7 s. w. from Birmingham - at which latter town are the stations of several important railway lines. This place is said to have formerly been a borough, though it does not appear to have ever returned members to parliament. The town, which is seated in a fertile valley, consists principally of one street, in which are some respectable houses, and of several smaller streets, containing humbler dwellings, irregularly built. The river Stour, which rises in some hills not far distant, passes the town, as does the Netherton canal, about half a mile from it. Lord Lyttelton is lord of the manor and holds an annual court leet; and a court for the recovery of debts under £5. (the jurisdiction of which includes Hales Owen) is held at the court-house, Oldbury, once a fortnight. This place has been noted for the manufacture of nails, chains and horn buttons. There are, also, an extensive concern, under the firm of the British Iron Company, at Corngreaves; two manufactories for gun barrels; and others for anvils, vices, hammers, files, spades, shovels, &c. The coal trade is of importance; bricks and tiles are made to a considerable extent; and there are several maltings and corn mills, in the town and neighbourhood.

    The parish church of St. John (said to have been erected prior to the conquest) contains a beautiful monument to the memory of Major Halliday, and a plain one to Shenstone the poet; the benefice is a vicarage, in the patronage of Lord Lyttelton, and incumbency of the Rev. Richard Brindley Hone. There are places of worship for Independents, and Wesleyan and Primitive Methodists. The free grammar school here was founded under a commission for charitable uses. At a short distance from the town are the 'Leasowes,' the seat of the celebrated Shenstone, who received the rudiments of his education in the Hales Owen grammar school. The market, which at the present day is of little or no importance, is chartered to be held on Monday; and the fair on Easter Monday. The parish contained, in 1831, 11,839 inhabitants, and in 1841 the population had increased to 17,376.

    Cradley is a chapelry, in that part of the parish of Hales Owen which is in the lower division of the hundred of Halfshire, county of Worcester; two miles N.N.W. from Hales Owen, and three from Dudley and Stourbridge; situated on the river Stour, which, running on the northern and western sides of the chapelry, separates it from the county of Stafford. Beautifully situate in a woody district, amid pleasing walks, and on the banks of a large pool or artificial lake, is Cradley Spa, where warm and cold baths have been erected: the water is impregnated with sulphate of soda, magnesia, &c, and is much used by invalids during the summer. At one period an attempt was made to manufacture salt here, but the success was very partial. The making of nails and chains now constitute the staple trade of the chapelry. The places of worship are the chapel under the establishment, and three others for dissenters: the living is a perpetual curacy. A national school, established here, is supported by subscription. The soil of this district is fertile, and brick clay of an excellent quality is obtained. The population of the chapelry, is about 2,000.

    Netherend is a small village in Cradley chapelry, and is chiefly to be noticed as having in its vicinity extensive iron works, where iron in bar, rolled and slit, is manufactured. In the village is a chapel for Unitarians, and also a free school. Population returned with Cradley chapelry.


    POST OFFICE, Hagley-street, Hales Owen, Elizabeth Cox, Post Mistress.- Letters from all parts arrive (from Birmingham) every morning at half-past seven, and are despatched thereto every evening at six.


    NOBILITY, GENTRY AND CLERGY

    Attwood George, Esq. Hawn House

    Attwood Miss Mary Ann, Leasowes

    Best Benjamin, Esq. Corngreaves

    Bowen Rev. William, Netherend

    Bradley Miss Charlotte, Church st

    Green Mr James, Hagley st

    Homfray David Esq. Witley Lodge

    Hone Mrs Augusta, Church st

    Hone Rev. Richard Brindley, Vicarage House

    Lyttelton Right Hon. Lord, Hagley Park

    Meredith William, Esq. Bellevue

    Phillips Mrs. Mary, Hagley St

    Reeves Rev. Edward, Highfield

    Smith Mrs Elizabeth, Grange House

    ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS.

    Free Grammar School, Dudley road - John Lomax, master

    Infants' School, Church St - Mary Ann Thompson, mistress

    National School, (girls) Church st - Mary Bannister, mistress

    National School, Cradley - Benj. Harrison, master; Ann Allen, mistress

    Todd Miss (boarding) Honnington

    Unitarian Charity School, Netherend, - Thomas Henry Billingham, master

    Westwood Joseph, Netherend

    Wharton Miss, High St

    ANVIL MANUFACTURERS.

    Hopkiss Moses, Rag Mill forge

    Wood Brothers (& vice) Furnace hill

    ATTORNEYS.

    Hayes & Son (& clerks to the magistrates) Cornbow

    Homfray Jeston, High St

    BAKERS & FLOUR DEALERS.

    Deeley Charles, Cornbow

    Moss William, High St

    BLACKSMITHS.

    Higgs John, Islington

    Mole Daniel, Colleygate

    Partridge Charles, Rumbow

    Partridge William, Grange

    Standen Robert, Spring hill

    Taylor Thomas, Cornbow

    BOOKSELLERS & STATIONERS.

    Harris William (& printer) High St

    Sault Saml. (& ironmonger) Cornbow

    BOOT AND SHOE MAKERS.

    Eden John, Hagley st

    Glaze John, Hagley st

    Hall James, Hagley st

    Hall William, Hagley st

    Hawkswood Richard, Colleygate

    Homer Joseph, Cradley

    Leech Edward, Peckingham st

    Parkes William, High st

    Simmons William, Bull ring

    Smith Jesse, High st

    Smith Joseph, Spring hill

    BRICK AND TILE MAKERS.

    Attwood George & Co. Hawn Works

    Finney John, Hasbury

    Finney Labon, Spring hill

    Grove Richard, Spring hill

    BRICKLAYERS.

    Brettell John, Cradley

    Brettell Samuel, Cradley

    Grove Edward, High st

    Grove Thomas, High st

    BUTCHERS.

    Attwood James, Cradley

    Attwood William, Cradley

    Beasley Stephen, Cradley

    Cooper George, Church st

    Hodgetts Henry, Peckingham st

    Hollies William, High st

    Jeptha William, Hagley st

    Jones Thomas, Cradley

    Moseley George, Peckingham st

    Robinson William, Hagley st

    Smart Robert, High st

    BUTTON MANUFACTURER - HORN.

    Harris Thomas, Spring hill

    CARPENTERS & JOINERS.

    Bloomer John, Colleygate

    Connop Benjamin, Church st

    Thomas Francis, Peckingham st

    Whitehouse Joseph, Hagley st

    COAL MASTERS.

    Attwood George & Sons, Hawn Colliery

    King J. & W. Netherend Colliery

    COOPERS.

    Dallow William, Hagley & Cradley

    Forrester Charles, Islington

    Stokes William, Bull ring

    DRUGGISTS.

    Bishop Thomas, Cradley

    Granger Mattw.Field Pearce, Hagley st

    Johnson Thomas, High st

    Phillips David, Peckingham st

    Welch John, Hagley st

    FIRE, &c. OFFICE AGENTS.

    Birmingham, Matthew Granger, Hagley st

    Birmingham District, A. C. Homer, Colleygate

    Crown, Hayes & Son, Cornbow

    Phoenix, Benjamin Trewolla, High st

    GARDENERS.

    Bayliss Charles, Townsend

    Beache Noah, Cradley

    Bennett William, Cradley

    Crosby Thomas, Spring hill

    Roper William, Cradley

    GROCERS AND DEALERS IN SUNDRIES.

    Bishop Thomas, Cradley

    Bissell Thomas & Co. High st

    Cemm Thomas, Cradley

    Chatwin Henry, Islington

    Fellows Noah, Birmingham st

    Granger Mattw.Field Pearce, Hagley st

    Grove John Haden, Cradley

    Grove Richard, Peckingham st

    Hawkshead Joseph, Cradley

    Hodgkins Benjamin, Cornbow

    Horton William, Hagley st

    Moss Milliam, High st

    Petford Felix, Cradley

    Phillips David, Peckingham st

    Sault Susan, Cradley

    Smith Samuel, Cradley

    Taylor Abraham, White hall

    Taylor Jacob, Spring hill

    Tibbetts Joseph, Cradley

    White Sarah, Bull ring

    White William, Islington

    Willetts George, Islington

    GUN BARREL MANUFACTRS.

    Burr John, Hayseech

    Rose Aaron, Hales Owen Mills

    INNS & PUBLIC HOUSES

    Birmingham Tavern, John Smith, Hagley st

    Black Horse, Joseph Heath, Greenfield

    Black Swan, Nathl. Ward, Cradley

    Cock, Peter Parton, Cornbow

    Crown, William Stokes, Bull ring

    Fox, William Grove, Cornbow

    George Inn, John Cooper, Church st

    Globe, Geo. Moseley, Peckingham st

    Golden Cross, James Cooksey, Peckingham st

    Half Moon, Isaac Mallin, Peckingham st

    Holly Bush, Simeon Wooldridge, Cradley

    Horse Shoe, Daniel Mole, Colleygate

    Leopard, Thomas Grove, High st

    Lodge Ford Inn, Benjamin Woodhall, Cradley

    Lyttelton's Arms Inn (& excise office) Samuel Challinor, High st

    Malt Shovel, Ann Willetts, Church st

    May Pole, Samuel Leonard, Cradley Forge

    Nelson's Arms, William Knight, Spring hill

    New Inn (& posting house) George Granger, White hall

    Old Mogul, Thos. Fellows, Netherend

    Plume of Feathers, Aaron Rose, Church st

    Queen's Head, Jane Ganner, Birmingham st

    Retailers of Beer.

    Beasley John, Cradley

    Beddall Francis, Netherend

    Bloomer Josiah, Cradley

    Byng Thomas, Cradley

    Cannop Samuel, Lower wharf

    Cemm Thomas, Cradley

    Edwards Elizabeth, Cradley

    Granger Edward, Birmingham st

    Grove James, Islington

    Haddock John, Netherend

    Hadley William, Cradley

    Hall Joel, Rumbow

    Hall Joseph, Rumbow

    Harrison Elizabeth, Cradley

    Harrison George, Spring hill

    Hawkshead Joseph, Cradley

    Homer Thomas, Cradley

    Jones Thomas, Cradley

    Jones William, Islington

    Nash Mary, Peckingham st

    Roper William, Colleygate

    Tate Abel, Colleygate

    Tibbetts Joseph, Cradley

    White Samuel, High st

    White Sarah, Birmingham st

    Withers Henry, Spring hill

    Withers Thomas, Cornbow

    IRON MASTERS AND IRON MANUFACTURERS.

    Evers Samuel & Sons, Cradley Iron Works

    New British Iron Company, Corngreaves - Benj. Best, manager

    LINEN & WOOLLEN DRAPERS.

    Fernie Henry, Hagley st

    Petford Felix, Cradley

    Trewolla Benjamin, High st

    MALTSTERS.

    Corbett John, Church st

    Fellows Joseph, Cradley

    Ganner Jane, Birmingham st

    Harris James, High st

    Harrison Elizabeth, Cradley

    Jones William, Hagley st

    Mason Samuel, Netherend

    Oliver William, Netherend

    Parkes Edwin, Cornbow

    Potter George, Honnington

    Tibbetts William, Cradley

    MILLERS.

    Fellows Joseph, Cradley

    Hulston William, Hasberry

    Morris Joseph, Luttley Mill

    Moss Joseph, Grange

    Potter John, Illey

    NAIL AND CHAIN MANUFACTURERS.

    Bissell Thomas, & Sons, Greenfields

    Cox William, Cradley

    Hawkswood Joseph, Cradley

    Hingley Joseph (chain) Cradley

    Hodgkins Henry, Hagley st

    Hodgkins Thomas, Cornbow

    Jones Thomas, Olive House

    Pargeter Joseph and Thomas, Birmingham st and Careless green

    Rock Joseph & William, Cradley

    Wood Brothers (chain) Furnace hill

    York Edward, Cornbow

    PAINTERS, PLUMBERS AND GLAZIERS.

    Cooper John, Cradley

    Day Edward Green, Cornbow

    Harris Thomas, Church st

    Round William, New road

    Wyer Samuel Edward, Cradley

    SADDLERS.

    Fiddian George, Peckingham st

    Prynn Thomas, High st

    Reynolds Thomas, High st

    SPADE AND SHOVEL MANUFACTURERS.

    Rose William Henry, Birmingham st

    Vaughan John, Drew's forge

    Wood Brothers, Furnace hill and Stourbridge

    STEEL MANUFACTURERS.

    Attwood George and Sons, Corngreaves Steel Works

    STRAW HAT MAKERS.

    Charlton Mary, High st

    York Sarah, Cornbow

    SURGEONS.

    Bloxham Joseph, Townsend

    Haslewood & Teed, Cradley

    Hayes Henry, High st

    Kendrick George, Church st

    Moore Edward, Townsend

    Phillips Benjamin Erasmus, High st

    TAILORS.

    Brettell Benjamin, Islington

    Charlton John Horatio, High st

    Gilbert William, Church st

    Moore Benjamin, Cornbow

    Moore Joseph, Spring hill

    Whatmore Samuel, Hagley st

    TIMBER DEALERS.

    Withers Joseph, Spring hill

    Withers Thomas, Cornbow

    WHEELWRIGHTS.

    Beach Richard, New rd

    Osborne John, Spring hill

    Southwell George, Grange 1

    Miscellaneous.

    Athanaeum Reading Room, Townsend - Arthur Burr, secretary

    Brewin Thomas, agent to the Dudley Canal Co. Hales Owen hill

    Bridgewater Elizth, milliner, Church st

    Burr Jno. civil engineer, Highfield House

    Compson Thos. tanner & currier, Cornbow

    Fellows George, file and rasp manufacturer, Netherend

    Gas Works, Cornbow

    Grove David, corn dealer, Peckingham st

    Hodgetts Jane, hair dresser, High st

    Johnson Thomas, tin-plate worker, Peckingham st

    Jones Mary, lime burner, Heywood wharf

    Lane James, watch maker, Hadley st

    Police Station, Hadley st

    Shilcock Edwin, hardware dealer, Hagley st

    Siviter Thomas, gas tube manufacturer, Rumbow

    COACHES & OMNIBUSES.

    To BIRMINGHAM, the Mail (from Stourbridge) calls at the New Inn, every evening at six, and a Coach, every morning at a quarter before ten - Jordan's Omnibus (from Kidderminster) calls at the Lyttelton's Arms, every morning (Sunday excepted) at half-past eight - and another calls at Mr Trewollas', at the same hour.

    To KIDDERMINSTER, Jordan's Omnibus (from Birmingham) calls at the Lyttelton's Arms, every afternoon (Sunday excepted) at half-past five - and another calls at Mr Trewollas', at the same hour.

    To STOURBRIDGE, the Mail (from Birmingham) calls at the New Inn, every morning at half-past ten - and a Coach every evening at half-past seven.


    CONVEYANCE BY RAILWAY.

    The nearest Station to Hales Owen is Birmingham, seven miles distant, where the London and Birmingham, the Grand Junction, the Birmingham and Derby Junction, and the Birmingham and Gloucester Railways have their respective Stations.

    There are regular conveyances to Birmingham, as noticed in the preceding list of Coaches and Omnibuses.


    CARRIERS.

    To BIRMINGHAM, Thos. Knight, from his house, Birmingham street, every Monday, Thursday and Saturday - and Jos. Tildesley, from his house, Church street, every Tuesday, Thursday & Sat.

    To BROMSGROVE, Thos. Knight, from his house, Birmingham st, every Tuesday.

    To STOURBRIDGE, Joseph Tildesley, from his house, Church st, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.


    CONVEYANCE BY WATER.

    To BIRMINGHAM, DUDLEY, TIPTON, STOURBRIDGE. &c. Boats, pass through daily, and forward goods to all parts - Thomas Brewin, agent, Heywood wharf.



    Note


    1 Mr George Southwell was the great-great-great-grandfather of the transcriber of this directory (Stephanie Robinson)

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