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    Cradley Links

    Pigot & Co's 1835 Directory

    The entry for "Hales Owen, with the villages of Cradley and Netherend" in Pigot's 1835 directory has 252 individuals


    HALES OWEN WITH THE VILLAGES OF CRADLEY, NETHEREND AND NEIGHBOURHOODS


    HALES OWEN is a market town, situate in an insulated parish of the same name, separated from the county of Salop, and entirely surrounded by those of Stafford and Worcester - the parish extending into the hundred of Halfshire, in the latter county ; 117 miles N.W. from London, 11 E. by E. from Wolverhampton, 7 S.W. from Birmingham, and 5 S. from Dudley. This place is said to have been formerly a borough, though it does not appear to have ever returned members to parliament. The town, which is seated in a fertile valley, consists principally of one street, in which are some respectable houses, and of several smaller streets, containing humbler dwellings, irregularly built. The river Stour, which rises in some hills not far distant, passes the town, as does the Netherton canal, about half a mile from it. Lord Lyttleton is lord of the manor, and holds an annual court-leet, when a high and low bailiff, a constable, and headborough are appointed : a court for the recovery of debts under 40s. is also held every three weeks at the Lyttleton's Arms Inn. This place has been noted for the manufacture of nails, chains, and pearl and horn buttons : there is also an extensive concern, under the firm of 'The British Iron Company,' at Corngreaves ; another for the manufacture of rolled and slit iron ; three extensive manufactories for gun-barrels; others for wrought-iron hinges ; for anvils, vices, and hammers; and for spades, shovels, files, &c. The coal trade is of importance ; bricks and tiles are made to a considerable extent ; the malting trade is respectable ; and there are several corn-mills in the vicinity.


    Pigot's 1835 Directory frontispiece

    The parish church, dedicated to St. Mary, and said to have been erected prior to the conquest, contains a beautiful monument to the memory of Major Halliday, and a plain one to Shenstone the poet. The living is a vicarage, in the patronage of Lord Lyttleton, and Incumbency of the Rev. G. Biggs. There is also a chapel of much antiquity, dedicated to St. Kenelm,situate two and a half mles S.E. from Hales Owen : it is a donative, in the gift of the rector of Hagley; and in the town are chapels for the independents and Weslevan methodists. The free grammar school here was founded under a commission for charitable uses ; Shenstone received the rudiments of his education in this school. About half a mile from the town are the ruins of the Manor Abbey, founded in the reign of King John : part of the walls are yet standing, but overgrown with bushes and weeds. A short distance from the town are the Leassowes, the seat of the celebrated Shenstone ; and three miles south-east from this place, at Frankley, there was formerly a seat of that profound lawyer, Sir Thomas Lyttleton, author of the 'Tenures,' whose descendant, George, was created Baron of Frankley and Lord Lyttleton in 1757. This seat having been burnt down by Prince Rupert, in the civil wars, and never rebuilt, the family removed to Hagley. The country around here is fertile, and its general appearance pleasing and agricultural, presenting an agreeable admixture of hill and dale. The market, which is, at the present day, of little or no importance, is chartered to he held on Monday; and the fairs on the Mondays in Easter and Whitsunweeks ; but the latter has been discontinued. The entire parish of Hales Owen contained, in 1821, 10,946 inhabitants, and in 1831, 11,839.


    CRADLEY is a chapelry, in that part of the parish of Hales Owen which is in the lower division of the hundred of Halfshire, county of Worcester ; 2 miles N. N. W. from Hales Owen, and 3 from Dudley and Stourbridge ; situate on the river Stour, which runs on the north and western sides of the chapelry, separating it from the county of Stafford. Beautifully situate in a woody district, amid pleasing walks, and on the banks of a large pool or artificial lake, is Cradley Spa, where warm and cold baths have been erected: the water is impregnated with sulphate of soda, magnesia, &c., and is much used by invalids during the summer. An attempt was made, at one period, to manufacture salt here, but with very inconsiderable success. The making of nails and chains constitute, now, the staple trade of the chapelry. The places of worship are, the chapel under the establishment, and three others for dissenters ; the living is a perpetual curacy, of which the Rev. John Jones is the incumbent. A national school, established here, is supported by subscription. The soil of this district is fertile ; and there is brick clay obtained of an excellent quality. The chapelry contained, in 1821, 1,696 inhabitants, and in 1831, 2,022.


    NETHEREND is a small village, in the chapelry of Cradley, adjacent to Hales Owen; and is chiefly to be noticed as having in its vicinity the extensive ironworks of Samuel Evers, Esq. for the manufacture of bar, rolled, and slit iron, for horse-nails, &c. which furnish employment to many hands ; and others are engaged in the malting trade. In the village is a chapel for unitarians, and a free school for boys and girls. The population is returned with Cradley chapelry.


    POST OFFICE, Hagley-street, HALES OWEN, Frances Cox, Post Mistress - Letters from BIRMINGHAM (by mail cart) arrive every morning at ten, and are despatched every afternoon at four.


    GENTRY & CLERGY.

    Attwood James, esq. Hawne house

    Attwood Miss Mary Ann, Leassowes

    Attwood Matthias, esq. Hawne house

    Best Benjamin, esq. Corngreaves

    Bowen Rev. Wm. Parkham, Cradley

    Bradley Miss Charlotte, Cornbow

    Brettle Richard, esq. Luttley

    Edwards Mr. Richard, Coleman hill house

    Evans Rev. Charles, Cornbow

    Grazebrook Michael, esq. Belle vue

    Green Mr. John, Hagley st

    Griffiths Stephen, esq. Horner hill, Cradley

    Homfrey David, esq. Witley lodge

    Jones Rev. John, Cradley

    King Joseph, esq. Chapel house, Cradley

    Meredith Miss Mary, Collygate, Cradley

    Parsons Mr. Joseph, Dudley road

    Piercy Rev. John, Vicarage

    Powell Mrs. -, Hagley road

    Smith Col. Ferdinand, Grange house

    Todd Rev. John, Honnington

    Wharton Mrs. Mary, Highfield

    Wood Mr.Thos., Collygate, Cradley

    ACADEMIES & SCHOOLS.

    FREE GRAMMAR SCHOOL, Dudley road - John Lomax, master

    FREE SCHOOL, Netherend-Joseph Westwood, master; Sarah Westwood, mistress

    Hart -, (ladies' boarding and day) New road

    NATIONAL FREE SCHOOL,Cradley - Henry Sprye, master

    Rudge John, Cornbow

    Todd Rev. John (gent.'s boarding) Honnington

    Westyood Joseph (gent.'s boarding and day) Netherend

    ANVIL & VICE MAKERS.

    Coley Thomas and Co. Buckle mill and Dudley wood

    Edwards William Evans (and hammer) Cradley

    ATTORNEYS.

    Hayes William Steel (and clerk to magistrates, and deputy lieutenant of the county) Cornbow

    Snow and Wood, Short cross

    BAKERS & FLOUR DEALERS.

    Homer Thomas, Peckingham st

    Nash William, Cornbow

    Pardoe William, Cornbow

    Russell Elizabeth, High st

    Stonley William, Cradley

    Whitgrove John, Peckingham st

    BLACKSMITHS.

    Higgs John, White hall

    Mole Daniel, Cradley

    Partridge William, Grange

    Standen Robert, Hagley road

    Taylor Thomas, Cornbow

    BOOT & SHOE MAKERS.

    Brettell Charles, Islington

    Brettell John, Cradley

    Glaze John (and patten maker, and leather cutter) Peckingham st

    Grove Edward, High st

    Grove Thomas, High st

    Hawkswood Richd. Overend, Cradley

    Hodgkins Samuel, Peckingham st

    Homer Joseph & Absalom, Cradley

    Nock John, Cradley

    Parkes Benjamin, Hagley st

    Parkes Edwin, High st

    Parkes William, High st

    Smith Joseph, Hagley st

    BRICK & TILE MAKERS.

    Attwood Matthias, Hawne house

    Darby Joseph and Sons (and lime) the Hill

    Edwards Richard. Cradley

    Finney Leahon, Islington

    Grove Richd. & Wm. Hagley road

    Harrison Elizabeth, Cradley

    BRICKLAYERS.

    Brettell John, Cradley

    Brettell Samuel, Cradley

    Grove Edward, High st

    Grove Thomas, High st

    Wakefield William, Cornbow

    BUTCHERS.

    Attwood Joseph, Cradley

    Beasley John, Cradley

    Beasley Stephen, Cradley

    Beasley William, Cradley

    Hodgetts Henry, Cornbow

    Hollis William, High st

    Male George, Cornbow

    Neale Edward, Hagley st

    Stuart Joseph, High st

    CARPENTERS & JOINERS.

    Bloomer John, Cradley

    Connop Benjamin, Church st

    Egginton Richard, Cornbow

    Hall Samuel, Hagley st

    COAL MASTERS.

    Attwood Matthias (and lime & fire clay and steel works) Corngreaves and office, Hawne

    Darley Joseph and Sons (and lime) the Hill

    COOPERS.

    Dallow William (& timber dealer) Cradley and Hagley

    Stokes William, Bull ring

    Tinsley Edward, Church st

    FILE MAKERS.

    Hill William (& chain) Netherend

    Shaw William, Cradley

    GARDENERS.

    Beache Noah, Cradley

    Bennett Wm. (& nurseryman) Cradley

    Roper William, Cradley

    GROCERS AND DEALERS IN SUNDRIES.

    Bissell Thomas & James, High st

    Bloomer John, Cradley

    Brettell Samuel, Cradley

    Briggs Saml. (& druggist) Hagley st

    Granger Joseph, High st

    Grove Mary, Birmingham st

    Hadley John, Cradley

    Harper Joseph, Cradley

    Hawkswood Joseph, Cradley

    Homer Thomas, Cradley

    Horton William (and stamp distributer) Hagley st

    Jones George, Cradley

    Nock John, Cradley

    Phillips David (& druggist) Peckingham st

    Salt Samuel, Cradley

    Smith William, Cradley

    Taylor Abraham, White hall

    White Benjamin, Bull ring

    Willett George, Islington

    GUN BARREL MANUFACTRS.

    Beasleys' and Farmer, HAYSEECH MILLS

    Eaton Robt. Augustus (grinder only) LUTTLEY MILL, Birmingham st

    Edge and Rose, BIRCH HILL MILL

    HAIR DRESSERS.

    Hodgetts James, High st

    Parish Thomas (& hatter)Hagley st

    Pershouse Joseph, Netherend

    HINGE MAKERS - WROUGHT IRON.

    Hardeman James, Birmingham st

    Rose William, Birmingham road

    INNS & PUBLIC HOUSES.

    Blue Ball, John Beasley, Cradley

    British Arms & Bull's Head, Abel Tate, Cradley

    Crown, William Stokes, Bull ring

    Fish, Elizabeth Harrison, Cradley

    George Inn, Geo. Granger,Church st

    Globe, Geo. Moseley, Peckingham st

    Golden Cross, Thomas Harris, Peckingham st

    Half Moon, Margt. Tomlins, Peckingham st

    Horse, Daniel Mole, Cradley

    Kidderminster Tavern, John Smith, Hagley street

    Leopard, Thomas Grove, High st

    Lyttleton Arms Inn (& excise office) Samuel Challoner, High st

    Malt Shovel, Wm. Willetts, Church st

    New Inn, Hy. Hodgson, White hall

    Old Mogul, Thos. Fellows, Netherend

    Plume of Feathers, Aaron Rose, Church st

    Queen's Head, William Ganner, Birmingham st

    Robin Hood, Mary Yardley, Cradley

    Royal Lodge of Free Givers, Reuben Parsons, Furnace hill

    Sun, Benjamin Beasley, Overend, Cradley

    Three Horse Shoes, George Farmer, Long Lane

    Two Gates, Richd. Beache, Cradley

    White Lion, Wm. Roper, Cradley

    Retailers of Beer.

    Beasley Stephen, Cradley

    Bloomer George, Cradley

    Bloomer John, Cradley

    Brettell Samuel, Cradley

    Connop Benjamin, Church st

    Cox William, Cradley

    Darby Hannah, Cradley

    Egginton Richard, Cornbow

    Forrest Edward, Cradley

    Forrester Noah, Cradley

    Ganner William, Islington

    Golden George, Cradley

    Granger Edwd. (& fruiterer) Birmingham street

    Grove Mary, Islington

    Grove William, Cornbow

    Hall Joel, Cornbow

    Harrison George, Hasberry

    Harper Joseph, Cradley

    Hawkswood Joseph, Overend, Cradley

    Hollins William, High st

    Homer Thomas, Cradley

    Jones Mary, Cradley

    Lewis John, Furnace hill

    Oxford Thomas, Hagley road

    Parish Joseph, Cradley

    Parish Thomas, Hagley st

    Powell James, Canal basin

    Smith Ann, Islington

    Switer Thomas, White hall

    White Samuel, High st

    White Thomas, lslington

    Withers John, Church st

    IRON MASTERS.

    BRITISH IRON COMPANY, Corngraves, Benjamin Best, agent

    Evers Samuel (and manufacturer of rolled slit iron, for horse nails, rods, & c.) CRADLEY IRON WORKS

    LINEN & WOOLLEN DRAPRS.

    Britton James, Cradley

    Petford Felix, Cradley

    Petford Jason, Hagley st

    MALTSTERS.

    Harris James, High st

    Harrison Elizabeth, Cradley

    Jones William, Hagley street

    Mason Samuel, Netherend

    Oliver William, Netherend

    Pardoe William, Cornbow

    Parkes Edwin, Hagley st

    Shaw Henry, Netherend

    MILLERS.

    Bowler John, Hasberry

    Eaton Robert Augustus, LUTTLEY MILL, Birmingham st

    Fellows Noah, Elly

    Grove William, Hasberry

    Moss Joseph, Grange

    Raybould Fillias, Cradley

    NAIL & CHAIN MAKERS.

    Beasley Joseph and Co. HAYSEECH MILLS

    Bissell Thomas & Sons, Greenfield

    Bloomer Thomas, Cradley Cox William (factor only) Cradley

    Darby Joseph & Sons (& trace and shoe tips and hurdles) the Hill

    Edwards Joseph, Cradley

    Edwards William Evans (& cable) Cradley

    Fellows Thomas (chain & trace) Netherend

    Hawkswood Joseph, Cradley

    Hodgkins Thomas, Cornbow

    Newey Mary, Cornbow

    Pargeter Joseph and Thomas, Birmingham st and at Carless green, Stourbridge

    Sidaway Thomas, Cornbow and Rowley Regis

    NAIL TOOL MAKERS.

    Iddridge John, Church st

    Siverter Joseph, Islington

    PAINTERS, PLUMBERS AND GLAZIERS.

    Day Edward, Cornbow

    Harris Thomas, Peckingham st

    Harris William, High st

    Round Henry, Hagley St

    Round William, Birmingham road

    SADDLERS.

    Brakewell William, Church st

    Fiddian Geo. Granger,Peckingham st

    Prynn Samuel Thomas, High st

    SPADE AND SHOVEL MANUFACTURERS.

    Beasley Joseph and Co. HAYSEECH MILLS

    Eaton Robert Augustus (plater and steel tilter) LUTTLEY MILL, Birmingham street

    Rose William Henry, Birmingham street

    Vaughan William (plater and steel tilter) Drew's forge

    SURGEONS.

    Bloxham Joseph, High st

    Kenwrick George, Cornbow

    Moore Edward, Church st

    Phillips Erasmus Benjamin, High st

    Stokes Thos. Park cottage, Cradley

    TAILORS.

    Bennett William, Cradley

    Brettell Benjamin, Islington

    Moore Charles, Cornbow

    Moore Joseph, Cornbow

    Payne John, New road

    Wood Timothy, Cradley

    TALLOW CHANDLERS.

    Briggs Samuel, Hagley st

    Horton William, Hagley st

    Lee Thomas, Netherend

    Phillips Thomas, Peckingham st

    WHEELWRIGHTS.

    Beach Richard, Peckingham st

    Southwell George, Grange

    Withers Joseph, Townend

    Miscellaneous.

    Brewin Thomas, clerk to the Dudley Canal Company, the Hill

    Burr John, engineer and mining agent, Highfield house

    Compson Thomas, tanner and currier, Cornbow

    Farmer William, optic & spectacle glass manufacturer, Hayseech mill

    Harris Joseph, horn button manufacturer, High street

    Harris Wm. letter-press printer & binder, High street

    Hodgetts Moses, wool dealer and worsted manufacturer, Cradley

    Hodgkins Edward, wood hoop maker, Birmingham street

    Jones Mary, coal dealer and lime burner, the Hill

    Moore Charles Clement, road surveyor, White hill

    Oliver William, iron founder, Netherend

    Reynolds Thos. excise officer, Cornbow

    Switer Thomas, gas and steam tube manufacturer, White hall

    WORKHOUSE, Church st - Sarah Foley, governess

    WORKHOUSE, Cradley - Michael Reading, governor


    COACHES.

    All call at the New INN.

    To BIRMINGHAM, the Tantivy (from Stourbridge) every Monday, Thursday and Saturday morning at ten - and the Nimrod (from Kidderminster) every evening at seven.

    To KIDDERMINSTER, the Nimrod (from Birmingham) every morning at ten; goes through Stourbridge.

    To STOURBRIDGE, the Tantivy (from Birmingham) every evening at seven; goes thro' Cradley and Rowley Regis.


    VANS.

    FOR PASSENGERS AND GOODS.

    To BEWDLEY, John Bennett, from the Kidderminster Tavern, every Tuesday and Friday afternoon at one.

    To BIRMINGHAM, - Falkner, from the New Inn, every Tuesday & Friday - John Bennett, from the Kidderminster Tavern, every Monday and Thursday and Mary Hackit's Mail Cart, from the Post Office, every afternoon at four.

    To KIDDERMINSTER, - Falkner, from the New Inn, every Thursday and Saturday afternoon at two.


    CARRIERS.

    To BIRMINGHAM, Benjamin Cole and Ann Smith, from their respective houses, Birmingham st and Bull ring, every Monday, Thursday & Saturday - James Tildersley, from his house, High street, and Edward Forrest, from his house, Cradley, every Tues. Thurs. and Satur.

    To BROMSGROVE, Benjamin Cole, from his house, Birmingham st, Tues.

    To STOURBRIDGE, James Tildersley, from his house, High street, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.


    CONVEYANCE BY WATER.

    To BIRMINGHAM, DUDLEY, TIPTON, STOURBRIDGE, WORCESTER & STRATFORD-UPON-AVON, boats pass through daily, from whence goods are forwarded to all parts - Thos. Brewin, clerk, Hales Hill Brewin, clerk, Hales hill.


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