"Littlebury's Directory and Gazetteer of the County of Worcestershire", 1873, lists 186 entries for Cradley.
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CRADLEY, WITH NETHEREND, COLLEY GATE, &c.
CRADLEY is a township and extensive district of the parish of Halesowen, 2 1/2 miles E. of Stourbridge, 3 S. of Dudley, 2 N.E. of Halesowen, and 9 1/2 W. of Birmingham ; is in the eastern division of the county, and hundred of Lower Halfshire ; petty sessional division, union, and county court district of Stourbridge ; polling district of the Hayes ; diocese and archdeaconry of Worcester and rural deanery of Kiddderminster. Population in 1861, 4,075 ; in 1871, 4,695, with 887 inhabited and 43 uninhabited houses. The annual rateable value is £10,027. The Right Hon. Lord Lyttelton is lord of the manor, and the principal landowners are the New British Iron Company, Jeston Homfray, Esq., and the trustees of the Oldswinford Hospital. The area of the township is 732 acres; coal and ironstone are found in great quantities and of good quality on the N. and W. of Netherend, whilst on the opposite side the soil is a rich clay, and affords excellent pasturage. The town forms part of a populous mercantile and manufacturing neighbourhood, in which the iron trade is carried on in all its branches. The chief manufactures are chains, cables, anchors, nails, hammers, vices, anvils, fire-bricks, &c. The Cradley iron works, the property of Messrs. S. Evers and Sons, and the Congreaves works, belonging to the New British Iron Company, are very extensive and manufacture superior qualities of iron by the charcoal or wood-coal process. The fire-brick works in the immediate neighbourhood are also on a large scale. Cradley has a station on the Great Western Railway (Stourbridge Extension line) and is bounded on the N.W. by the river Stour, which here divides the counties of Worcester and Stafford. A court baron and a court leet are held here on the last Tuesday in October, at which the steward presides as judge, assisted by a jury. The church is a plain brick building, with cupola, having a chancel, nave, and aisles. It was originally intended for a Lady Huntingdon chapel. The living is a vicarage, annual value £300, in the patronage of the rector of Halesowen, and held by the Rev. Joseph Hesselgrave Thompson, B.A., of Magdalen Hall, Oxford. The Rev John Buncher is the curate. In 1852 a grant of land was made by the sons of the Rev. George Biggs (a former rector of Halesowen) for the enlargement of the burial ground of this parish. Attached to the church is a National school, under Government inspection. The Baptist Chapel is a small brick building, situate at the top of the town ; a new British school has recently been erected in connexion with it. The Wesleyan chapel was erected in 1806; and the schools in 1860. A new chapel to accommodate about seven-hundred persons is about to be erected. Providence Methodist New Connexion chapel at Windmill Hill was built in 1856 ; the Primitive Methodist chapel, New-street, in 1853. The Unitarian chapel at Netherend was erected by subscription in 1796 ; the school belonging to this denomination is supported by an endowment and annual subscriptions. It is free for 30 boys and 20 girls. The ragged school at Colley lane was erected by subscription. It is used as a place of worship on Sundays by various denominations. The ragged school at Two Gates was built by Noah Hingley, Esq., and J. Homfray, Esq., in 1867. It is used as a day school for boys and girls ; average attendance, 50 ; as a night school on Tuesdays and Thursdays ; average attendance, 35. A Sunday evening service is conducted by Jeston Homfray, Esq.
NETHEREND, COLLEY GATE, OVEREND, TWO GATES, and COLMAN HILL are near the town. About one mile from the northern extremity of Cradley, in a romantic vale, diversified with plantations of firs, is a spring of salt water, highly esteemed on account of its medicinal qualities.
POSTAL REGULATIONS. - Mrs. Elizabeth Christopher, Sub-Postmistress. Letters arrive by messenger from Brierley Hill at 7.30 a.m. and 2.45 pm, ; dispatched thereto at 8.45. a.m. and 6.45 p.m.; on Sundays at 8.45 a.m. only. Cradley Heath is the nearest money order office. Post town, Brierley Hill. The wall letter boxes at Netherend and Windmill Hill are cleared at 8.30 a.m., and 6.30 p.m. on week days, and at 8.30 a.m. only on Sundays.
PLACES OF WORSHIP :- District Church. - Rev. Joseph H. Thompson, B. A., Vicar; Rev. John Buncher, Curate; Isaac P. Bloomer, Parish Clerk.
Baptist Chapel. - Rev. Maurice Morgan, Minister.
Primitive Methodist Chapel. - New Street, Ministers various.
Providence Methodist New Connexion Chapel, Windmill Hill.- Ministers various.
Unitarian Chapel, Netherend. - Rev. William Cochrane, Minister.
Wesleyan Chapel, Rev. Andrew Palmer, Minister.
SCHOOLS : - National Schools, Mr. Thomas D. Davies, Master; Miss Mary Ann Wooldridge, Mistress.
Unitarian School, Netherend ; Mr. Thomas Henry Billingham, Master; Miss Sarah Roberts, Mistress ; Miss Fanny Williams, Assistant Mistress.
Ragged School (mixed), Two Gates ; Mrs. W. Bennett, Mistress. Ragged School (girls), Colley Lane; Mrs. Field, Mistress. Wesleyan schools, Mr. Nicholas Yeaman, Master ; Mrs. Mary Yeaman, Mistress.
Carrier to Birmingham :- Alfred Wooldridge, Netherend, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, to Phoenix Inn, Park street, returning the same days at 4.30 p.m.
Railway Station (G.W.R.) Richard Roach, Station Master.
CRADLEY ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY
"*" THE TRADES DIRECTORY (CLASSIFIED) WILL BE FOUND WITH HALESOWEN
Aston Jas. Wood, Esq., The Elms house Colley lane
Attwood Mr. Thomas, Colley gate
Baker Mr. George Henry, Colley gate
Barnett Miss E. S., Fairview lodge
Buncher Rev. Jn., (curate),Colley orchard
Camm Mr. Thomas, New road
Cochrane Rev. Wm., (Unitarian),Netherend
Creagh Mr. Thos. Alfred, Colley gate
Gordon Rev. Michael, Highfield villas
Hawkeswood Mr. Rd. Burley,Windmill hl
Hingley Benjamin, Esq., Hatherton lodge
Hingley Joseph, Esq., Windmill hill
Hingley Noah, Esq., J.P., (late mayor of Dudley), Hatherton lodge
Hingley Samuel, Esq., Fairview
Homer Joseph Benj., Esq., Chapel house
Homer Mrs. Joseph, Colley gate
Homer Thomas, Esq., Colley gate
Homfray Jeston, Esq., Colman hill
Hunt James Peart, Esq., Colman hill
Kedwards Rev. Jas., (minister of Unitarian chapel at Lye waste), Park row
Kendrick Mr. William, Tree garron
Morgan Rev. Maurice, (Baptist), Colley orchard
Mountford Jn., Poplar cot., Windmill hill
Mountford Richard, Esq., Highfield house
Palmer Rev. Andrew (Wesleyan)
Perrins Saml., Esq., Congreaves, nr. Birmingham
Smith Wm. Robinson, Esq., Clyde house
Thompson Rev. Jsph. Hesselgrave, B.A. (vicar)
Thompson Wesley Hayes, Esq., L.R.C.P., L.M., L.R.C.S. (Edin.), Glyndon ho.
Tibbetts Mr. Joseph, Colley gate
Wood Mrs., Colley Gate house
ASTON J. WOOD and CO., manuftrs. of spades, shovels, anvils, vices, hammers, picks, use iron, anchors, chains, cables, &c., works and offices, adjoining Cradley railway station
Adams Jabez, Bull's Head Inn, Overend
Adams William, Blue Ball Inn, Overend
Allport Henry, shoemaker, Windmill hill
Andrews Wm., manager of felt works for Mr. Charles B. Hodgetts, Park row
Arnett Mrs. Eliza, beer retailer, Overend
ATTWOOD BENJAMIN, hame, chain and trace manufacturer
Attwood James, Fish Inn
Attwood William, butcher
Attwood Wm., butcher, Two Lanes end
Beasley Allen, beer retailer, Furlong lane
Beasley John, farmer, Two gates
Bennett Sml.,beer rtlr. & farmer,Two gates
Bennett Wm., greengrocer and beer rtlr
BILLINGHAM GEORGE, charcoal dlr., beer retlr., & shopkpr., Two gates
Billingham Thomas Henry, schoolmastar
Bissell Joseph, shopkeeper and chain mkr.
Bloomer Benj., comm. trvlr., Highfield vil
Bloomer G . A., draper, &c., Colley gate
BLOOMER ISAAC P., builder, &c., Colley gate
BLOOMER JOHN, builder, &c., Windmill hill
Bloomer Josiah, shopkeeper
Bloomer Mrs. Mary, pawnbroker
Bloomer Brothers, manufacturers of nails, rivets, chains, &c., Colley orchard, and at Halesowen
Blunt Felix, shopkeeper, Bridge street
BOWKLEY EDWARD, wheelwright, Cradley forge
Brettell Edwd., grocer and provision dlr
Bridgewater John, grocer & provision dlr
Brown Mrs Eliza,lodgings, 1 Victoria ter.
Bunn William, beer retlr. and shop-keeper
Charlton William Hy., tailor, Bank clay
Christopher Mrs. Elzbth., sub-postmistress
Christopher Joseph, shopkeeper
CLEWS T. M. and SON, wooldealers and mop manufacturers, Park row
CLIFT HENRY, shoe warehouse
Coley Christopher, earthenware dealer
Cooke Mrs., Crown. Inn, Lyde green
Cox Thos., Round of Beef, Windmill hill
CRADLEY COLLIERY COMPANY, coal masters, Mr. Edward Jewkes, Manager
Crundall William, shoemaker
Darby Mrs. Christopher, haberdasher
Davies Thomas D., schoolmaster
Darby Joseph, tailor, Windmill hill
Deeley William, Rose and Crown Inn
DOWNING WILLIAM, shoe warehouse, Windmill hill
Evers Saml. & sons,iron and coal masters; manufctrs. of horse nail rods, wire rods for fencing. &c., Cradley iron Works and Homer Hill colliery
Fellows Mrs. Susannah, miller, Cradley mill
Fellows Thos., Old Mogul Inn, Netherend
Foley Edwd, mining engineer, Homer hill house
Folkes William, beer retlr, Windmill hill
FORREST, BROTHERS & CO., manufctrs. of wrought nails, b.b. charcoal horse-nails, rivets, chains, &c., &c., Windmill hill
Forrest Edwd., grocer, &c., Windmill hill
Fox Thomas, maltster, Overend
Gadd Joseph, greengrocer and cider retlr.
Gilbert Miss S., ladies' school, Colley gate
Gill Daniel, butcher and greengrocer
GRIFFIN WM., anchor manufacturer
Grove John Haden, grocer, &c., Colley gt
Harbach John, small anchor maker
Harper. Mrs, C., haulier, Inhedge
Harper Joseph, farmer
Harper & Moores,coal masters and proprs. of best glass-house pot & crucible clay , manufctrs. of fire bricks, clay retorts, &c. &c., Lower Delph fire clay works
Harper Reuben, White Lion, Windmill hl
Hawkeswood Benjn., Sun Inn, and grocer
Hawkeswood Wm. Herbert, farmer
Hayes James, butcher, Windmill hill
Hemming Mrs. Nancy, shopkpr., New st
Hill John, shoemaker, Bridge street
HILL THOMAS., maltster & beer retailer, Park lane
Hingley James, butcher and beer retailer
Hingley James, farmer, Netherend
HINGLEY EBENEZER JAS., mnftr. of wrgt. nails, rivets, chains, &c.
Hingley Joseph, farmer, Park farm
Hipkiss Hy., manufctr. of all kinds of use iron and beer retailer, Lodge forge
Hodgetts Charles B., polishing felt manufacturer, Park row
Homer Henry, greengrocer, Cradley forge
HOMER PAUL, lamp and oil warehouse and general dealer, High street
Huband T., greengrcr. and cider rtlr., Two gates
Hughes Isaiah, Holly Bush Inn and maltster
Hughes Harry, grocer & provision dlr.
Jackson James, shoemaker, Bridge street
Jewkes Edwd., manager of Cradley colliery company; P.R. Red Hill villas, Stourbridge
Jones Isaac, plmbr., glazier,&c., Colley gt.
JONES & LLOYD, (late Wm. Rock and Co.) manufctrs. of chain cables, anchors, ship and crane chains, wrought nails, spikes, bolts, anvils, vices, &c., works, Cradley ; and hardware mrchnts., 49 Bread street, Birmingham
Jones Samuel, Black Swan Inn
Jones Mrs. Susannah, maltster, Netherend
Jones William, market gardener, Overend
King Brothers, proprs. of Stourbridge clay and manufctrs. of fire bricks, &c., and at Lichfield street, Birmingham
King Joseph and Co., colliery proprs. And manufctrs. of blue bricks, tiles, quarries, &c., Netherend works
Laister Thomas, maltster, Colley gate
Leonard Samuel, May Pole, Cradley forge
Leonard Saml., farmer, Beech Tree farm
Lewis John, comrcl. clerk, Lyde green
Markham Fredk. J., grcr. and provsn. dlr.
Mason Charles. farmer, Overend : P.R. Cradley heath
Mills Edward. wheelwright and coach builder, Colley gate
MEREDITH SAMUEL, shoe ware-house
Mobberley and Bayley, coal masters and clay proprietors, Netherend
Mole Brothers, Colley Gate and blksmiths.
Moore John, greengrocer
MOUNTFORD, HOMER AND MOUNTFORD, iron founders and merchants; manufctrs. of chain cables, anchors, rigging and crane chains, ships' knee moulds and every description of forgings, nails, spikes, bolts, rivets, spades, shovels, anvils, &c., Cradley works and at Fore street, Limehouse, London, E.
NEW BRITISH IRON COMPANY, manufctrs. of rods, hoops, plate, sheet, &c. &c.; Congreaves iron works, (near Birmingham); and at Brierley Hill iron works, James P. Hunt, Esq., Manager
Oliver Edwin, farmer and road contractor
Oliver Joseph, beer retailer, Park row
Oliver Osborne, inland revenue officer
Oliver Wm., beer rtlr. and maltster, Park row
Paddock Mrs. Hannah, shopkeeper
PARKES WILLIAM, furniture broker, ironmonger, and dealer in fancy baskets, &c., Colley lane
PARROCK MRS. HENRIETTA, draper, milliner and dress maker, Cradley forge
Parrock Joseph., pattern mkr., Cradley forge
PARTRIDGE GEORGE, hame, trace and chain manufctr. and beer rtlr., (Why not call and see), Two gates
Pateshall John, tanner and horse slaughterer, Park side
Payton Thomas, hardware dealer
Pearson Amos, draper, hosier, &c.
Pearson J., charter master, Windmill hill
Perry James, shopkeeper, Two gates
Roper Emanl., shopkeeper, Windmill hill
Roach Richard, station master, Railway station
Sidaway Wm., shopkeeper, High street
Stevens John, shopkeeper, Netherend
Stevens Richard, Windmill Inn
Stevens Wm., Horse and Jockey, Netherend
Stiff John, haulier and grngrcr., Netherend
Tandy David, butcher, Colley gate
Tate Saml., British Arms Inn, Overend
Tate Wm., Bridge Inn and beer retlr., (Crown), High town
Taylor Geo., shoe warehouse, Colley lane
Thompson Wesley Hayes, L.R.C.P. and L.M., (Edin.) L.R.C.S., physician and surgeon , public vcintor. ; Glyndon ho
Tibbetts Mrs. Elizabeth, Malt Shovel and shopkeeper, Park row
Warr Saml, blue and red brick manufctr
WATTS NERI, chain manufacturer
Wilkinson L., goods agent, G. W. Rlway.
WILLIAMS MRS. M. A., dressmkr., milliner, haberdasher and tobacconist, Windmill hill
Wooldridge Alfred, carrier, Netherend
Wooldridge Bros., farmers, Oldnal farm
Wooldridge Simeon, furniture van propr. and haulier, Netherend
Yates Mrs. Ann, beer retlr., New street
Yeomans Wm., tailor and drpr., Colley ln
Littlebury's 1873 directory of Worcestershire p.156
Littlebury's 1873 directory of Worcestershire p.157
Littlebury's 1873 directory of Worcestershire p.158
Littlebury's 1873 directory of Worcestershire p.159
Littlebury's 1873 directory of Worcestershire p.160