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    Cradley Links

    1845 Post Office Directory

    The 1845 "Post Office Directory for Birmingham, Warwickshire and part of Staffordshire" has 316 names listed under "Halesowen, Cradley, &c."


    Cradley Links wishes to record our grateful thanks to Jill Guest, who generously gave her time to produce this transcription.


    HALESOWEN, CRADLEY, &c.


    Halesowen is a parish, formerly partly in Brimstree hundred in Shropshire, and partly in Halfshire hundred, lower division in Worcestershire, but now wholly in East Worcestershire, with a population of 17,376 and 11,290 acres; assessed at £73,940. It is divided into the townships of Halesowen, assessed at £5,262; Cakemore, Hasbury Hearn Hill, assessed at £19,921; Hunnington Illy, Langley, Lappal, Oldbury, assessed at £31,575; Ridgacre, Romsley, assessed at £4,401; Warley Salop; Warley Wigorn, assessed at £3,865; Cradley, assessed at £7,980; and Lutley, assessed at £934. The latter three alone were formerly in Worcestershire. It contains the towns of Halesowen, with 2,056 inhabitants, Oldbury with 6,572, and Cradley with 2,686. The district is full of collieries and iron works. The benifice is a vicarage in the diocese of Worcester, valued at £686 per annum, and in the patronage of lord Lyttelton. There are also churches at St Kenelm, Cradley Oldbury and Quinton, the two latter in the presentation of the vicar. Shenstone, the poet, and Caslon, the type founder, were born at Halesowen. Halesowen is six miles south of Dudley, and near the Dudley Canal. The district is hilly, watered by the Stour, which rises in this parish, and by its tributary streams. There is no marsh or common land. There is a good deal of brick earth, and the soil consists of clay and loam. There are quarries of red sandstone and lime and brick kiln. Here are many small dairy farms, and potatoes are much cultivated. The population is chiefly employed in mining, making nails, chain and horn buttons. At Halesowen is a market,on Saturdays, with a smaller one on Wednesdays, but they are not much frequented. It is the seat of the magistrates for the division. Here is a fair held by ancient charter on Easter Monday and Tuesday. The townships maintain their own poor separately. The mother church stands in a spacious church yard at the east side of the town of Halesowen, and is of oblong form, having a nave and aisles. The tower and graceful spire are its chief ornaments. The style is Norman and early English, and it is constructed of red sandstone; the length is about 120 feet and breadth 60. There are two Norman doorway arches, and a Norman font, there is also a costly monument to Major Halliday1, and a monument to Shenstone. In the tower are eight bells. There is a good organ. The church was repaired in 1838, at a cost of £3,000; the incumbent is the Rev. Richard Brindley Hone, M.A. The vicarage has nearly been rebuilt by the present incumbent at his own cost. Here was formerly an abbey about half a mile from the town. There are numerous dissenting meeting houses, also Sunday, National and Infant schools. The day schools accommodate about 300 children. There is a free school. The Netherton Canal passes through the parish. The Grange is the principal seat. The Leasowes, the residence and birth-place of Shenstone is another seat, and there is also Bellevue and Witley lodge. St Kenelm's chapel was erected on the spot where the body of that saint was found. He was the son of Kenulf, King of Mercia. The tower was erected in the reign of Henry III.


    CRADLEY, a chapelry and town in the parish of Halesowen, Worcestershire, is situated two and a half miles east of Stourbridge, on the high road to Hales Owen and Birmingham, and is nine and a half miles from the latter place. The village itself lies a little off the main road. It is in the diocese of Worcester, and in the hundred of Halfshire, county of Worcester, with a population in 1841 of 2,686. It forms part of a populous, mercantile,and manufacturing neighbourhood, in which the iron trade is carried on in all its branches. The soil in general is a rich clay, fertile in all kinds of grain, and excellent pasturage, and the lands on the north and west of Netherend (a part of the township of Cradley), abound with coal and iron stone. A Court Baron and a Court Leet are held in Cradley, on the last Tuesday in October, at which the steward presides as judge, assisted by a jury of respectable inhabitants. Within the township are five places of worship, belonging respectively to the Church of England, benefice valued at £116 per annum, the Unitarians, the Baptists, the Wesleyans and New Connection Methodists; attached to the first two are free schools. That belonging to the Unitarians is supported partly by endowment and partly by an annual collection. The number of free boys is 30,of girls 12. The extensive iron works of Messrs Evers & Sons are in this district,and are engaged principally in the manufacture of superior qualities of iron by charcoal, or wood coal, process. One mile from the northern extremity of Cradley, in a romantic vale, agreeably diversified with plantations of firs, is a spring of salt water, highly esteemed on account of its medicinal qualities.


    Adams Miss M. Cakemore house

    Attwood Geo. Esq. Hawn house

    Attwood Miss M. A. the Leasowes

    Bissell the Misses, Hunnington

    Bloxham Joseph, esq. Halesowen

    Bowen Rev. Wm. Netherend

    Burr John, esq. Halesowen

    Clancy Rev. James, Halesowen

    Edge Thomas, esq. Birch hill house

    Evers James,esq. Homer hill

    Evers Saml. esq. Netherend

    Green John, esq. Hagley st

    Harris Mrs M. High st.

    Hayes Mrs M.A. Netherend

    Hayes Wm. esq. Cornbow

    Hayes Wm. Steele, esq. Cornbow

    Homfray David, esq. Witley lodge

    Homfray Jeston, esq. Halesowen

    Hone Mrs. Church st

    Hone Rev. Rd. Brindley, Church st

    Hunt Wm. Henry, esq. Bellevue

    Jones Rev. John, Cradley

    Kenwrick George, esq. Church st

    Matthie Mrs. A.M. Whitehall

    Meeres Rev. Nathl. Cradley

    Moore Edward, esq. Halesowen

    Parker Miss E. Hasbury

    Phillips Erasmus B. esq. High st

    Phillips Mrs. Hagley st

    Skelton Rev. Henry, Quinton

    Smith Mrs. Col. the Grange

    Tay Mrs. Lucy, Halesowen

    Taylor John, esq. Cornbow house

    Teed John Luscomb, esq. Cradley

    Wood George, esq. Cradley

    Wood Thomas, esq. Cradley

    TRADERS.


    Adams Henry, beer shop, Cradley

    Adams James, 'Anchor' Gosty Hill

    Adams James, 'Holly Bush,' Red hill

    Allen Joseph, grocer, Long lane

    Attwood James, butcher, Netherend

    Attwood Wm, butcher, Cradley

    Bache Mrs Anne, beer shop, Cradley

    Bache Richard, wheelwright, New road

    Badger Richard, tanner, Cradley

    Bannister Wm. farmer, Hunnington

    Beasley John, beer shop, & sword blade forger, Cradley

    Beasley Stephen, saddler, Cradley

    Beasley Thomas, butcher, Cradley

    Beddall Francis, beer shop, Cradley forge

    Bell William, bootmaker, Hasbury,

    Birch George, farmer, Red hill

    Bishop Thomas, chemist & dea dealer, Cradley

    Bissell Thomas John Smith, & Co. grocers & provision dealers, High st

    Bissell Thomas & Sons, nail factors, Greenfield

    Bissell Thomas John Smith, farmer, Hasbury

    Bissell James, farmer, Webs green

    Bissell Joseph, farmer, Hunnington

    Bloomer Josiah, beer shop, Cradley

    Bloxham Joseph M. surgeon, Halesowen

    Bradley John, farmer, St Kenelms

    Bretell, Homfray, & Bennet, Old Hill & Ridding's colliery

    Bridgwater Mrs. Elizth. milliner, &c. Church st

    Brunton Richd. nurseryman, Beech lane

    Buffrey John, file manufacturer, Cradley

    Bullus John, farmer, & earthenware manufr. Mucklow's hl

    Burr John, civil engineer, Halesowen

    Byng Thomas, beer shop, Cradley

    Cemm Thomas, beer shop & vice maker, Cradley

    Challiner Samuel, 'Lyttelton Arms,' High st

    Chatwin Henry, shopkeeper, Islington

    Charlton Mrs. Mary, straw bonnet maker, High st

    Cheshire George, miller, St Kenelms

    Clay John, shopkeeper, Birmingham st

    Clay Mrs. Ann farmer, Cakemore

    Clift Thomas, spade & shovel maker, Birmingham st

    Clulee James, farmer & beer shop, Hunnington

    Clulee Mrs. Hannah, beer shop, Hunnington

    Cole John, beer shop, Gorsty hill

    Compson Thomas, tanner & currier, Cornbow

    Connop Benj. builder, Church st

    Connop John, shopkeeper, Illey

    Connop Samuel, beer shop, Hill

    Connop Samuel, nailmaster, Cart house lane

    Cooper Jas. Butcher & farmer, Perry hill

    Cooper John, George inn, High st

    Cooper John, plumber,&c. Park row

    Cooper Richard, farmer, Illey

    Cooper Thomas, 'Swan,' Long lane

    Cox Mrs.Elizabeth, farmer, Lappal

    Cox William, nail factor, Cradley

    Crumpton James, plumber, &c. Halesowen

    Dallow William

    Darby Thomas, beer shop, Gosty hill

    Darby William J. farmer, Green hill

    Davenport Joseph, farmer, Quinton

    Day Edward Green, plumber &c. Cornbow

    Dickson Joseph, 'Beech Tree,' Beech lane

    Eden John, bootmaker, Hagley st

    Edwards Mrs Elizabeth, beer shop, Cradley

    Edwards Samuel, farmer, St. Kenelms

    Edwards Wm. Evan, anvil, vice, hammer, & nail manufactr. Cradley

    Evers Samuel & Sons, manufacturers of a superior quality of rolled & slit iron, charcoal horse nails, rods, best rods, charcoal & best wire rods, plating bars, rounds, &c. Cradley iron works

    Farmer John, farmer, Quinton

    Farmer John, grocer & provision dealer, Long lane

    Farmer Mrs. Mary, farmer, Howley grange

    Fellows George, file & rasp manufacturer, Netherend

    Fellows Joseph, miller & maltster, Cradley

    Fellows Noah, shopkeeper, Halesowen

    Fellows Thomas, 'Old Mogul,' & chain maker, Netherend

    Fernie Henry, draper, Hagley st

    Fiddian George G. saddler, Peckingham st

    Finney Laban, brick maker, Spring hill

    Foley Ambrose, farmer, Quinton

    Foley John, farmer, Quinton

    Forrest Jsph. carrier, & bayonet & matchett forger, Cradley

    Gadd John, beer shop, Cradley

    Ganner Mrs Jane, beer shop, Birmingham st

    Garrett William, 'Three Horse Shoes,' Long lane

    Gilbert William, tailor, Church st

    Glaze John, bootmaker, Hagley st

    Gould Amos, horse dealer, Lappal

    Granger Edward, beer shop, Birmingham st

    Granger George, New Inn2, Whitehall

    Granger Matthew, Field Peirce, grocer & druggist, Hagley st

    Granger Samuel, fruiterer, Birmingham st

    Green Thomas, farmer, Manor farm

    Green Thomas, farmer, Lappal

    Griffiths Henry, farmer, Netherend

    Grove Eli, beer shop, Cradley forge

    Grove James,beer shop, Islington

    Grove John H. shopkeeper, Cradley

    Grove Richard, bricklayer, Hasbury

    Grove Thomas, beer shop, High st

    Grove William, beer shop, Cornbow

    Haddock John, beer shop, Netherend

    Hadley William, beer shop & farmer, Cradley

    Hall Joseph, beer shop, New road

    Harper Edward, farmer, Middle Holt

    Harper Joseph, beer shop, Colley gate

    Harris George, carpenter, New road

    Harris James, maltster, High st

    Harris Joseph, farmer, Langley green

    Harris Thomas, patent horn button manfr. Spring hill

    Harris Thomas, plumber &c. Church st

    Harris William, printer &c. High st

    Harrison George 'Hare & Hounds, 'Hasbury

    Harrison Mrs.Elizabeth, beer shop Cradley

    Hawkeswood Joseph, beer shop,& nail & chain ma. Cradley

    Hawkeswood Richard, bootmaker, Cradley

    Hayes & Son, solicitors, Cornbow

    Heath Joseph, beer shop & coal dealer, Manor lane

    Higgs John, nailers' tool maker, Birmingham st

    Hingley James, jun. farmer, Cradley forge

    Hingley Joseph, chain & trace manuf. Cradley

    Hingley Noah, manufacturer of anchors, chain cable, nails, &c. Cradley

    Hodgetts Henry,butcher, Peckingham st

    Hodgetts Mrs Jane, hairdresser, High st

    Hodgetts Joseph, bricklayer, Cornbow

    Hodgetts Moses, wool dealer & yarn spinner, Cradley

    Hodgetts Timothy, farmer, Long lane

    Hodgetts William J. farmer, Hunnington

    Hodgkins Benjamin, grocer, Cornbow

    Hodgkins Henry, nail factor, Spring hill

    Hollies Henry, butcher, Spring hill

    Hollies William, butcher, High st

    Homer Joseph, bootmaker, Cradley

    Homer Richard, farmer, Hunnington

    Homer Thomas, beer shop, Cradley

    Homfray Jeston, solicitor, High st

    Horton William, grocer & tallow chandler, Hagley st

    Hughes John, bricklayer, Netherend

    Hulston William, miller, Lutley mill

    Jakeman John, farmer, Ridgacre

    Jeptha William, butcher, Hagley st

    Jinks Thomas, farmer, St. Kenelms

    Johnson Thomas, shopkeeper, Peckingham st

    Jones Mrs. Mary, maltster, &c. Hill

    Jones Thomas, butcher Cradley

    Jones Thomas, nail factor, Olive House

    Jones William, beer shop, Islington

    Jones William, maltster & farmer, Hagley st

    Kendrick Daniel, sword blade forger, Colly gate, Cradley

    Kenwick George, surgeon, Church st

    Knight Thomas, carrier, Birmingham st

    Knight William, beer shop, Spring hill

    Lashford John, farmer, Hunnington

    Leech Edward, boot & shoe maker, Peckingham st

    Leonard Samuel, 'Maypole,' Cradley forge

    Lewis William, farmer, Gorsty hill

    Lomax John, school master, Halesowen

    Macdonald Henry Foley, cabinet maker, Quinton

    Male James, boot & shoe maker, Red hill

    Mallen Isaac, 'Half Moon,' Peckingham st

    Mason Samuel, maltster, Netherend

    Mole Daniel, 'Horse Shoe' & blacksmith, Colly gate

    Moore Edward, surgeon, Halesowen

    Moore Joseph, tailor, Spring hill

    Moore Robt. Boot & shoe maker, Cornbow

    Moseley George, 'Globe,' & butcher, Peckingham st

    Moss Joseph, miller, Grange mill

    Moss William, baker, High st

    Nash Mrs. Mary, beer shop, Peckingham st

    Nicklin William, sword blade forger, Colly gate

    Nickolls Henry, farmer, Hawthorn

    Nock John, boot & shoe maker, Cradley

    Osborne Frederick, farmer, Hunnington

    Osborne John, wheelwright, Spring hill

    Oxford Joseph, nail factor, Cradley

    Parkes Edwin, maltster, Cornbow

    Parkes James, shopkeeper, Gosty hill

    Parkes Thos. seedsman, Cradley

    Parkes Wm. Boot & shoemaker, High st

    Parrish John, farmer, New road

    Parrish Mrs. Mary, farmer, Halesowen

    Parton Peter, 'Cock' Cornbow

    Partridge Charles, blacksmith, New road

    Partridge John, farmer, Grange

    Partridge John, jun. Farmer, St. Kenelms

    Partridge Wm. blacksmith, Hunnington

    Petford Felix, grocer & draper, Cradley

    Phillips Erasmus Benjamin, surgeon, High st

    Phillips Mrs. Elizth. Grocer, Peckingham st

    Phillips Philip, farmer,Olive hill

    Pixell Fredk. farmer, Upper Holt

    Potter George, 'Bulls Head' & maltster, St. Kenelms

    Potter John, farmer, St. Kenelms

    Potter John, miller, Illey

    Potter Joseph, farmer, Halesowen

    Priest Jotham, chain cable & tracemaker, Cradley mill

    Pritchett Wm. farmer, Carthorse lane

    Prym Thos. saddler & harnesss maker, High st

    Ragg James, farmer, Ridgacre

    Reynolds Thos. saddler & harness maker, High st

    Robinson Thos. farmer & butcher, Mucklows hill

    Robinson Wm. 'Swan' & butcher, Peckingham st

    Rock Jos. & Wm. nail, chain & trace manufactrs. Cradley

    Rock Fredk. Chain maker, Colly gate

    Roper Wm, beer shop, Cradley

    Rose Aaron, gun barrel manufactuer, Halesowen mills

    Rose Aaron, 'Plume of Feathers,' Church st

    Rose Wm. Henry, spade & shovel maker, Birmingham st

    Round Wm. plumber, painter, &c. New road

    Salt Samuel, bookseller, Cornbow

    Salt Mrs. Susan, shopkeeper, Cradley

    Shaw Henry, maltster, Netherend

    Shilvock Edward, glass & china dealer, Hagley st

    Shilvock Wm. nail factor, Islington

    Siviter Thos. gas tube manufacturer, Halesowen

    Smart Joseph, cattle dealer, Margaret's hill

    Smart Robt. Butcher, High st

    Smith David, wood turner, Quinton

    Smith Edwin, beer shop, Quinton

    Smith Isaac, farmer, Illey

    Smith James, 'Boat,' Gosty hill

    Smith Jesse, boot & shoe maker, High st

    Smith John, 'Bull's Head,' High st

    Smith Joseph, boot & shoe maker, Spring hill

    Smith Joseph, farmer, St Kenelms

    Smith Joseph, farmer Hasbury

    Smith Samuel, grocer, Cradley

    Southall Joseph, wheelright, Spring hill

    Southall Josiah, blacksmith, Romsley

    Standen Robt. blacksmith, Spring hill

    Stevens John, chain maker Netherend

    Stevens Joseph, chain maker, Netherend

    Stokes Wm. Crown, Bull ring

    Stuckley John, farmer, Cakemore

    Talbot Thomas, beer shop Cradley forge

    Tate Abel, beer shop, Overend

    Taylor Frank, blacksmith, Long lane

    Taylor Jesse, farmer, Illey

    Taylor John, beer shop, Hunnington

    Taylor Thos. blacksmith and farrier, Halesowen

    Teed John Luscomb, surgeon, Cradley

    Thomas Fras. carpenter, Peckingham st

    Tibbetts Joseph, beer shop & shop keeper, Cradley

    Tibbetts Wm. maltster, Cradley

    Tinsley Richard, carrier, Church st

    Todd Mrs. Charlotte, preparatory school, Hunnington

    Tomlinson Richard, farmer, Hawthorn

    Trewalla Benjamin, wollen & linendraper, High st

    Turnley Richard, 'Sun,' Hunnington

    Vaughan William, spade, shovel & pickaxe maker, Drew's forge

    Wakefield Isaac, linen & woollen draper, Cradley

    Wakeman Benjamin, miller,Coomb's mill

    Wallis James, tailor, Colly gate

    Walters Joseph, farmer, Gosty hill

    Ward Nathanial, 'Black Swan,' Cradley

    Warr Benjamin, brickmaker, Cradley

    Webster Thos. chain maker, Cradley forge

    Weston Matthew, beer shop, Gosty hill

    White Edward, farmer, Romsley

    White John, farmer, Quinton

    White Mrs. Sarah, beer shop, Birmingham st

    White Samuel, beer shop, High st

    White Richard, shopkeeper, Bull ring

    White Wm. nail factor, Islington

    Whitehouse Joseph, builder, Hagley st

    Whitehouse Wm. farmer Lower Holt

    Willetts Abraham M. farmer, St. Kenelms

    Willetts George, shopkeeper, Islington

    Willetts, Mrs. Ann, 'Malt Shovel,' & Maltster, Church st

    Williams James, 'Royal Oak,' Carter lane

    Winnall Thos, beer shop, Hasbury

    Withers Henry, beer shop, Hasbury

    Withers Joseph, timber dealer, Hasbury

    Withers Thos. timber dealer & beer shop, Cornbow

    Wood Brothers, anvil, hammer, vice, & edge tool manufactory, Halesowen mill & forge, and at Lye, Worcestershire

    Wood George, wharfinger & beer shop, Lappal

    Woodall Benj. Lodge forge inn, & manufacturer of iron vices, anvils, butts, &c. Cradley

    Wooldridge Semel, beer shop & bootmaker, Cradley

    Wright Wm. farmer, Lappal

    Wyer Samuel, plumber, Cradley

    Yates John, blacksmith, Hunnington

    York Edward, nail master, Cornbow

    POST OFFICE.- Miss Elizbth. Cox, Postmistress, Letters arrive, per mail from Birmingham, 1/2 past 7, morning, and are despatched 6 evening

    INSURANCE AGENTS: -

    Birmingham District, Absolam Coxhomer, Colley gate Birmingham Fire, Matthew F. P. Granger, Halesowen Clerical and Medical, Absolam Coxhomer, Colly gate Phoenix Fire, Benjamin Trewalla, Halesowen

    PUBLIC ESTABLISHMENTS :-

    County Police station, George Graham, superintendent Dudley Canal Office, Thomas Brewin, agent Excise Office, Lyttleton Arms Inn, High st Gas Works, Wm. Hayes, manager, Cornbow Stamp Office, Wm. Horton,sub-distributor, Hagley st

    PUBLIC OFFICERS.- Hayes & Son, Clerks to the Magistrates for the Halesowen division. Wm. Hayes, esq. Deputy Coroner for the Halesowen division. Geo.Granger Fiddian, Registrar of Births & Deaths for Halesowen division

    PUBLIC SCHOOLS.- Free Grammar, John Lomax,master. National, Benjamin Harrison, master ; Mrs Ann Allen, mistress, (Cradley). National, Thos. Fox, master; Mrs. Jane Fox, mistress (Halesowen). Infant, Miss Mary Ann Thompson, mistress. Primitive Methodist, Peckingham street, Henry Pearson, master: Mrs Mary Ann Pearson, mistress. Unitarian, Netherend, Thos. Billingham, master; Mrs Mary Ann Billingham, mistress

    POSTING HOUSE.- New Inn, Whitehall, George Granger.

    COACHES.- To Birmingham, the Independent, from Stourbridge, calls at the New Inn, every morning at 10, and returns at 6, evening. To Birmingham, Gardener's and Jordan's omnibuses, from Kidderminster, calls at the New Inn every morning (Sunday excepted) at 1/2 past 8, and returns at 5, evening

    CARRIERS.- To Birmingham, Tinsley, every tuesd. thurs. & sat. from his house, and returns the same day. To Birmingham, Knight, every mon. thurs. & sat. To Birmingham, Forrest, every thurs. & sat from Cradley. To Bromsgrove, Knight, every tues. To Kidderminster, Ashmore's waggon, from Birmingham, calls at the 'New Inn' every tues & fri. and returns the same day. To Stourbridge, Tinsley, mon. wed. & fri.

    WATER CONVEYANCE.- to Birmingham, Dudley, Tipton, Stourbridge, Worcester & Stratford-upon-Avon, Thomas Brewin, agent, Dudley canal office.



    NOTES


    Jill Guest has provided the following notes to accompany her transcription:


    1 According to F. & K. Somers (Halas, Hales, Hales Owen, 1932) the "costly monument to Major Halliday" was removed in 1874. This led to the discovery of an old door into the vestry, a sedilia, and an uncommon and curious XII century window, although in each case they were bricked up and plastered over.

    In 1792 Mr Horne sold the Leasowes to Mr Halliday, who spent a lot of money in restoring the grounds.

    In 1794 John Delap Halliday died at the Leasowes.


    2 "Granger George, New Inn, Whitehall"


    Jill has very kindly sent this photograph of the New Inn as it was in 1955 - 110 years after this directory was published (1845):

    1845 POST OFFICE DIRECTORY6.jpg



    Jill also writes:


    There are 44 beer shops listed in this the directory; 21 are in Cradley, and the other 23 in Halesowen and surrounding townships. My 4x greatgrandfather John Beasley appears as both a sword blade forger and as keeping a beer shop; in later directories this becomes the Blue Ball Inn. Many of the beer shops listed are named as public houses in later directories.


    Definitions of some of the trades listed (from the Oxford Dictionary):


    Bridgwater Mrs. Elizth. Milliner, &c. Church st - person (usually woman) who makes up hats or other female headgear

    Compson Thomas, tanner & currier, Cornbow - one who dresses and colours tanned leather.

    Fellows George, file & rasp manufacturer, Netherend - rasp: coarse file having separate teeth raised with pointed punch

    Forrest Jsph. Carrier, & bayonet & matchett forger, Cradley - matchett - broad heavy knife.

    Granger Matthew, Field Peirce, grocer & druggist, Hagley st - dealer in drugs, pharmaceutical chemist

    Horton William, grocer & tallow chandler, Hagley st - maker, vendor of substance got by melting the harder and less fusible kinds of fat used for making candles and soap

    Priest Jotham, chain cable & tracemaker, Cradley mill - trace: each of the two sided straps or chains by which horse draws vehicle

    Wood George, wharfinger & beer shop, Lappal - wharf owner


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